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Northumbria at CHI 2022

The ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems is the premier international conference of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). CHI – pronounced 'kai' – annually brings together researchers and practitioners from all over the world and from diverse cultures, backgrounds, and positionalities, who have as an overarching goal to make the world a better place with interactive digital technologies. 

CHI 2022 is structured as a Hybrid-Onsite full conference from April 30–May 5 in New Orleans, LA. 

While the acceptance rate hasn’t been published yet, they are typically between 23–26%. It was a little higher last year with being an online only conference as it is back to being a physical event (with online option) we anticipate the rate will be lower than last year. See conference website

Northumbria has performed exceptionally well this year and will have a total of 7 technical papers being presented: as well as facilitating 4 CHI Workshops. The conference also awards the top 5% of papers (based on review scores, nominations, and final panel review) honourable mentions and the top 1% best paper awards – Northumbria has 1 best paper and 3 honourable mention this year.

We would like to thank all our co-authors for their contributions and look forward to future successful collaborations. Presentation videos are available via the program links.

 

Papers 


[Best Paper] Investigating the Tradeoffs of Everyday Text-Entry Collection Methods

Kyle Montague

Typing on mobile devices is a common and complex task. The act of typing itself thereby encodes rich information, such as the typing method, the context it is performed in, and individual traits of the person typing. Researchers are increasingly using a selection or combination of experience sampling and passive sensing methods in real-world settings to examine typing behaviours. However, there is limited understanding of the effects these methods have on measures of input speed, typing behaviours, compliance, perceived trust and privacy. In this paper, we investigate the tradeoffs of everyday data collection methods. We contribute empirical results from a four-week field study (N=26). Here, participants contributed by transcribing, composing, passively having sentences analysed and reflecting on their contributions. We present a tradeoff analysis of these data collection methods, discuss their impact on text-entry applications, and contribute a flexible research platform for in the wild text-entry studies. Find out more 


[Honourable Mention] Forgetting Practices in the Data Sciences

Angelika Strohmayer

HCI engages with data science through many topics and themes. Researchers have addressed biased dataset problems, arguing that bad data can cause innocent software to produce bad outcomes. But what if our software is not so innocent? What if the human decisions that shape our data-processing software, inadvertently contribute their own sources of bias? And what if our data-work technology causes us to forget those decisions and operations? Based in feminisms and critical computing, we analyse forgetting practices in data work practices. We describe diverse beneficial and harmful motivations for forgetting. We contribute: (1) a taxonomy of data silences in data work, which we use to analyse how data workers forget, erase, and unknown aspects of data; (2) a detailed analysis of forgetting practices in machine learning; and (3) an analytic vocabulary for future work in remembering, forgetting, and erasing in HCI and the data sciences. Find out more


[Honourable Mention] Exploring the Role of Paradata in Digitally Supported Qualitative Co-Research

Aare Puussaar, Pam Briggs, Kyle Montague

Academics and community organisations are increasingly adopting co-research practices where participants contribute to qualitative data collection, analysis, and dissemination. These qualitative practices can often lack transparency that can present a problem for stakeholders (such as funding agencies) who seek evidence of the rigour and accountability in these decision-making processes. When qualitative research is done digitally, paradata is available as interaction logs that reveal the underlying processes, such as the time spent engaging with different segments of an interview. In practice, paradata is seldom used to examine the decisions associated with undertaking qualitative research. This paper explores the role of paradata arising from a four-month engagement with a community-led charity that used a digital platform to support their qualitative co-research project. Through observations of platform use and reflective post-deployment interviews, our findings highlight examples of paradata generated through digital tools in qualitative research, e.g., listening coverage, engagement rate, thematic maps and data discards. From this, we contribute a conceptualisation of paradata and discuss its role in qualitative research to improve process transparency, enhance data sharing, and to create feedback loops with research participants. Find out more 


[Honourable Mention] Human-GDPR Interaction: Practical Experiences of Accessing Personal Data

Rob Wilson

In our data-centric world, most services rely on collecting and using personal data. The EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) aims to enhance individuals’ control over their data, but its practical impact is not well understood. We present a 10-participant study, where each participant filed 4-5 data access requests. Through interviews accompanying these requests and discussions scrutinising returned data, it appears that GDPR falls short of its goals due to non-compliance and low-quality responses. Participants found their hopes to understand providers’ data practices or harness their own data unmet. This causes increased distrust without any subjective improvement in power, although more transparent providers do earn greater trust. We propose designing more effective, data-inclusive and open policies and data access systems to improve both customer relations and individual agency, and also that wider public use of GDPR rights could help with delivering accountability and motivating providers to improve data practices. Find out more


Supporting Real-time Peer-Mentoring of Rural Volunteers

Kyle Montague, Matt Baillie-Smith

Telephone-driven community forums have been a widely proposed solution to address the unreliable internet connectivity and large geographic scope that characterises many international NGO contexts. Primarily, these applications support asynchronous activities, such as information portals or forums to access rural journalism, but opportunities for real-time experience sharing remain largely under-explored. In this paper, we explore the potential of such forums to support remote mentoring of NGO volunteers, a practice that requires synchronous, dialogical formats for experience sharing and peer discussion. We engaged 28 participants from a rural Indian NGO in the design of peer-mentoring sessions that leverage synchronous audio discussions, using the structure and format of traditional talk-show radio as a starting point. The participants favoured an entertaining approach to mentoring and discussed the logistics required to achieve this within their resource constraints. We conclude with design implications for designing media-driven community engagement platforms and the ethical challenges around protecting marginalised community interests. Find out more
 

Yo–Yo Machines: Self-Build Devices that Support Emotional Connections During the Pandemic

William Gaver, Andy Boucher, Dean Brown, Naho Matsuda, Lilana Ovalle, Andy Sheen, Michail Vanis

Yo–Yo Machines are playful communication devices designed to help people feel socially connected while physically separated. We designed them to reach as many people as possible, both to make a positive impact during the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess a self-build approach to circulating research products and the appeal of peripheral and expressive communication devices. A portfolio of four distinct designs, based on over 30 years of research, were made available for people to make by following simple online instructions (yoyomachines.io). Each involves connecting a pair of identical devices over the internet to allow simple communication at a distance. This paper describes our motivation for the project, previous work in the area, the design of the devices, supporting website and publicity, and how users have made and used Yo-Yo Machines. Finally, we reflect on what we learned about peripheral and expressive communication devices and implications for the self-build approach. Find out more
  

Negotiating sustainable futures in communities through participatory speculative design and experiments in living

Simran Chopra, Rachel E Clarke, Ozge Dilaver, Christina Vasiliou

This paper responds to sustainable HCI’s call to design long-term participatory projects with grassroots communities to counter the local effects of climate change and support more viable practices. We contribute a methodological approach to participatory speculative design as a series of interrelated experiments in living, working in symbiosis with a food-growing community moving towards collective resilience and food sovereignty. As an example of sustainability research within HCI, community food-growing has predominantly focused on collaborative acts of growing rather than disagreements, divergences, and frictions. Limited attention has been paid to the challenges of effectively negotiating collaborative, sustainable speculative futures in this context. This paper reports on a workshop series on sustainable community food-growing using situated participatory speculation to address potential tensions when working collaboratively towards socio-technical alternatives. Find out more

 

Workshops


Splash! Identifying the Grand Challenges for WaterHCI

Mark Blythe

Bodies of water can be a hostile environment for both humans and technology, yet they are increasingly becoming sources, sites and media of interaction across a range of academic and practical disciplines. Despite the increasing number of interactive systems that can be used in-, on-, and underwater, there does not seem to be a coherent approach or understanding of how HCI can or should engage with water. This workshop will explicitly address the challenges of designing interactive aquatic systems with the aim of articulating the grand challenges faced by WaterHCI. We will first map user experiences around water based on participants’ personal experiences with water and interactive technology. Building on those experiences, we then discuss specific challenges when designing interactive aquatic experiences. This includes considerations such as safety, accessibility, the environment and well-being. In doing so, participants will help shape future work in WaterHCI. Find out more
 

Feminist Voices about Ecological Issues in HCI

Simran Chopra

Even though issues such as climate change, pollution, and declining biodiversity impact us all, people with historically disenfranchised and socio-politically marginalised (HDSM) identities often bear the harsher brunt of ecological crises and suffer disproportionately. There is a need for listening to the voices of people with intersecting HDSM identities in relation to feminist engagements with ecological issues as applicable to HCI and IxD research and practice. Building upon and braiding together two thriving HCI discourses on feminism and environmental sustainability, we invite submissions from researchers, designers, educators, and activists interested in the intersections of feminist and ecological issues with a priority towards the well-being of people with HDSM identities. Converging feminist concerns on power, voice, and public discourse through this online workshop distributed across three time-zones, we hope to provide a forum for contemporary feminist voices as agents of change while engaging with ecological issues through an intersectional feminist orientation. Find out more


The State of the (CHI)Art

Angelika Strohmayer

We are all researchers, practitioners, and educators – but many of us are also artists, makers, curators. Our arts practice is part of what makes up our sense of self, but also influences our interests and directions in digital and technological enquiry. There exist spaces where the traditional lives alongside the computational, or where the two are blended, no less valid in purpose or value. We seek to investigate this liminal environment, and explore the current state of art in HCI, computer science and other related fields, shifting boundaries as to what "art" is in these spaces. By bringing together like-minded and creative individuals, this workshop aims to both inspire and legitimise our diverse practices, present viewpoints, create meaningful outputs, host discussions, and work toward the future of this plurality. Find out more


"There is no justice, just us": Making mosaics of justice in social justice Human-Computer Interaction"There is no justice, just us": Making mosaics of justice in social justice Human-Computer Interaction

Angelika Strohmayer

The concept of social justice in Human-Computer Interaction has become an emergent domain of practice and research across the past decade. Work has included research efforts into meeting the needs of under-served populations, providing method blueprints for inclusion of marginalised identities, and a call for greater consideration on how positive impact is defined both in and beyond research engagements. While the number of justice-orientated works may have increased, new social forces question what is meant by the term justice in social justice initiatives; asking who is included in how justice is defined, what its goals are and how might we measure it. We offer this workshop as an opportunity to: (a) build conceptual and visual `mosaics' of social justice works in HCI to map out the existing landscape; (b) build a supportive community of HCI researchers, practitioners, activists and designers who work with matters of in/justice to share vocabulary, approaches and expertise with likewise individuals; (c) facilitate critical conversations around meaningful justice-orientated action and practice, and how they might relate to wider justice frameworks. Find out more


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