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Dr Frank Lewis

Senior Lecturer

Department: Applied Sciences

Frank Lewis is Senior Lecturer in Organic Chemistry in the Department of Applied Sciences. He is a graduate of Trinity College Dublin where he obtained his PhD in Organic Chemistry in 2008 in the group of Prof. David Grayson for his work on novel chiral sulfones. He was then appointed as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Reading with Prof. Laurence Harwood working on the design and synthesis of actinide-selective organic ligands for spent nuclear fuel reprocessing (as part of the EU FP7-funded ACSEPT project). He joined the Department of Applied Sciences at Northumbria University as an Anniversary Research Fellow in 2012, and was appointed to his current role in 2015. His research focus is on the design, synthesis and evaluation of ligands for selective removal of targeted metal ions (specifically actinides) that are present in spent nuclear fuels.

Frank Lewis

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

Nuclear power is becoming an increasingly key part of the energy mix in many countries as it offers a clean, low-carbon source of energy. However, a major disadvantage of nuclear power is the long-lived and highly radioactive nature of the waste that it produces, which is due to the presence of the actinides uranium, plutonium, americium and curium in spent nuclear fuel. In the currently-used PUREX (Plutonium and Uranium Reduction Extraction) process, uranium and plutonium are removed from the aqueous spent nuclear fuel liquor by solvent extraction and recycled as mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel, but no process is currently used to remove and recycle the minor actinides americium and curium. If these elements were removed, the time taken for the radioactivity of the remaining waste to decay to the levels of natural uranium would decrease from approx. 10,000 years to a much more manageable few hundred years.

In order to recycle the minor actinides, they must first be separated from the chemically similar lanthanides that are also present in spent nuclear fuel. Thus, future processes for recycling the minor actinides require highly selective organic ligands that can discriminate between the minor actinides and lanthanides. Of the many ligands screened for carrying out this challenging separation, ligands containing 1,2,4-triazine rings (BTPs, BTBPs, BTPhens) have emerged as some of the most selective.

Research in the Lewis group is focused on fine-tuning the structures and hence extraction properties of these ligands to maximise the efficiency of any future industrial recycling process using these ligands. Current projects include the evaluation of novel hydrophobic ligands with improved solubilities and rates of metal extraction (funded by EPSRC), as well as novel hydrophilic ligands that can be used as actinide-selective aqueous complexing agents (funded by National Nuclear Laboratory under the Advanced Fuel Cycle Programme).

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Design and evaluation of bi-functional iron chelators for protection of dopaminergic neurons from toxicants, Gutbier, S., Kyriakou, S., Schildknecht, S., Ückert, A., Brüll, M., Lewis, F., Dickens, D., Pearson, L., Elson, J., Michel, S., Hubscher-Bruder, V., Brandel, J., Tetard, D., Leist, M., Pienaar, I. 1 Sep 2020, In: Archives of Toxicology
  • Exploring the Subtle Effect of Aliphatic Ring Size on Minor Actinide Extraction Properties and Metal Ion Speciation in Bis‐1,2,4‐Triazine Ligands, Zaytsev, A., Bulmer, R., Kozhevnikov, V., Sims, M., Modolo, G., Wilden, A., Waddell, P., Geist, A., Panak, P., Wessling, P., Lewis, F. 7 Jan 2020, In: Chemistry - A European Journal
  • Novel 1‑hydroxypyridin‑2‑one metal chelators prevent and rescue ubiquitin proteasomal‑related neuronal injury in an in vitro model of Parkinson’s disease, Lewis, F., Farooz, S., Elson, J., Hubscher-Bruder, V., Brandel, J., Soundararajan, M., Smith, D., Dexter, D., Tetard, D., Pienaar, I. Mar 2020, In: Archives of Toxicology
  • Thermodynamic parameters of Am(III), Cm(III) and Eu(III) extraction by CyMe4-BTPhen in cyclohexanone from HNO3 solutions, Distler, P., Stamberg, K., John, J., Harwood, L., Lewis, F. 1 Feb 2020, In: Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
  • 1,2,4-Triazines in the Synthesis of Bipyridine Bisphenolate ONNO Ligands and Their Highly Luminescent Tetradentate Pt(II) Complexes for Solution-Processable OLEDs, Pander, P., Bulmer, R., Martinscroft, R., Thompson, S., Lewis, F., Penfold, T., Dias, F., Kozhevnikov, V. 2 Apr 2018, In: Inorganic Chemistry
  • Modelling of the Am(III) - Cm(III) kinetic separation effect observed during metal ion extraction by bis-(1,2,4)-triazine ligands, Distler, P., Stamberg, K., John, J., Harwood, L., Lewis, F. 2018, In: Separation Science and Technology
  • Plutonium coordination and redox chemistry with the CyMe4-BTPhen polydentate N-donor extractant ligand, Reilly, S., Su, J., Keith, J., Yang, P., Batista, E., Gaunt, A., Harwood, L., Hudson, M., Lewis, F., Scott, B., Sharrad, C., Whittaker, D. 18 Nov 2018, In: Chemical Communications
  • Separation of the Minor Actinides Americium(III) and Curium(III) by Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic BTPhen ligands: Exploiting Differences in their Rates of Extraction and Effective Separations at Equilibrium, Lewis, F., Harwood, L., Hudson, M., Afsar, A., Laventine, D., Šťastná, K., John, J., Distler, P. 2018, In: Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
  • Spin-polarized electron transmission through chiral halocamphor molecules, Dreiling, J., Lewis, F., Gay, T. 15 Oct 2018, In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
  • An Overview of Multifunctional Metal Chelators as Potential Treatments for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Lewis, F., Tetard, D. May 2017, Biometals in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Mechanisms and Therapeutics, San Diego, Elsevier

PGR Supervision

Rachel Bulmer Design and Synthesis of Novel Actinide Selective Ligands for Future Spent Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Start Date: 01/10/2015 End Date: 10/05/2019

Qualifications

  • Chemistry PhD July 03 2008
  • Member American Chemical Society 2014
  • Member (MRSC) Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) 2014


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