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Dr Nick Rutter

Associate Professor

Department: Geography and Environmental Sciences

I am interested in the hydrology of cold environments and how the frozen land surface interacts with the atmosphere. Most of my current research focuses on making improved field measurements of seasonal snow and applying this knowledge in order to better constrain uncertainties in environmental models. Models I work with include catchment scale glacio-hydrological models, snow-forest-atmosphere components of climate models, and radiative transfer models used in microwave remote sensing of snowpacks.

I have extensive experience of making snow measurements in boreal and mid-latitude forests (e.g. Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Rocky Mountains in Canada and USA), Arctic and sub-Arctic tundra (Alaska, USA, and Manitoba, Canada), sea ice (Canadian high-Arctic), and on Alpine and Polar glaciers (e.g. Switzerland, Svalbard). As many of these environments are rapidly responding to a warming climate, better measurement, modelling and critical evaluation of variations in seasonal snow contribute to improved projections of climate change and our understanding of cold regions hydrology.

Campus Address

A215, Ellison Building
Northumbria University
Newcastle upon Tyne
NE1 8ST

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

I am interested in the hydrology of cold environments and how the frozen land surface interacts with the atmosphere. Most of my current research focuses on making improved field measurements of seasonal snow and applying this knowledge in order to better constrain uncertainties in environmental models. Models I work with include catchment scale glacio-hydrological models, snow-forest-atmosphere components of climate models, and radiative transfer models used in microwave remote sensing of snowpacks.

I have extensive experience of making snow measurements in boreal and mid-latitude forests (e.g. Switzerland, Sweden, Finland, Rocky Mountains in Canada and USA), Arctic and sub-Arctic tundra (Alaska, USA, and Manitoba, Canada), sea ice (Canadian high-Arctic), and on Alpine and Polar glaciers (e.g. Switzerland, Svalbard). As many of these environments are rapidly responding to a warming climate, better measurement, modelling and critical evaluation of variations in seasonal snow contribute to improved projections of climate change and our understanding of cold regions hydrology.

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Effect of forest canopy structure on wintertime Land Surface Albedo: Evaluating CLM5 simulations with in-situ measurements, Malle, J., Rutter, N., Webster, C., Mazzotti, G., Wake, L., Jonas, T. 16 May 2021, In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
  • Exploiting the ANN potential in estimating Snow Depth and Snow Water Equivalent from the airborne SnowSAR data at X and Ku bands, Santi, E., Brogioni, M., Leduc-Leballeur, M., Macelloni, G., Montomoli, F., Pampaloni, P., Lemmetyinen, J., Cohen, J., Rott, H., Nagler, T., Derksen, C., King, J., Rutter, N., Essery, R., Menard, C., Sandells, M., Kern, M. 21 Jun 2021, In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
  • Improvement of microwave emissivity parameterization of frozen Arctic soils using roughness measurements derived from photogrammetry, Meloche, J., Royer, A., Langlois, A., Rutter, N., Sasseville, V. 3 Oct 2021, In: International Journal of Digital Earth
  • Multi-physics ensemble snow modelling in the western Himalaya, Pritchard, D., Forsythe, N., O'Donnell, G., Fowler, H., Rutter, N. 14 Apr 2020, In: The Cryosphere
  • Derivation and Evaluation of a New Extinction Coefficient for use with the n-HUT Snow Emission Model, Maslanka, W., Sandells, M., Gurney, R., Lemmetyinen, J., Leppänen, L., Kontu, A., Matzl, M., Rutter, N., Watts, T., Kelly, R. 1 Oct 2019, In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
  • Effect of snow microstructure variability on Ku-band radar snow water equivalent retrievals, Rutter, N., Sandells, M., Derksen, C., King, J., Toose, P., Wake, L., Watts, T., Essery, R., Roy, A., Royer, A., Marsh, P., Larsen, C., Sturm, M. 19 Nov 2019, In: The Cryosphere
  • Shading by trees and fractional snow cover control the subcanopy radiation budget, Malle, J., Rutter, N., Mazzotti, G., Jonas, T. 27 Mar 2019, In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
  • Simulated single-layer forest canopies delay Northern Hemisphere snowmelt, Todt, M., Rutter, N., Fletcher, C., Wake, L. 25 Nov 2019, In: The Cryosphere
  • Simulation of longwave enhancement in boreal and montane forests, Todt, M., Rutter, N., Fletcher, C., Wake, L., Bartlett, P., Jonas, T., Kropp, H., Loranty, M., Webster, C. Dec 2018, In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
  • The influence of snow microstructure on dual-frequency radar measurements in a tundra environment, King, J., Derksen, C., Toose, P., Langlois, A., Larse, C., Lemmetyinen, J., Marsh, P., Montpetit, B., Roy, A., Rutter, N., Sturm, M. 15 Sep 2018, In: Remote Sensing of Environment

PGR Supervision

  • Georgina Woolley Measurement and Modelling of Snow in Arctic Tundra and Taiga Biomes Start Date: 01/10/2021
  • Markus Todt Impact of longwave enhancement by forests on snow cover in a global climate model Start Date: 01/02/2016 End Date: 10/05/2019
  • Clare Webster Measurement and modelling of sub-canopy radiation to seasonal snow in alpine forests Start Date: 01/12/2013 End Date: 20/04/2017
  • Thomas Watts Influence of Stratigraphy and Heterogeneity on Simulated Microwave Brightness Temperatures of Shallow Snowpacks Start Date: 01/02/2011 End Date: 12/11/2015
  • Victoria Dutch The role of snow microstructure in influencing carbon source/sink behaviour across Arctic environments Start Date: 01/10/2019
  • Johanna Malle Wintertime land surface albedo of forested environments Start Date: 01/10/2017 End Date: 21/01/2021

Qualifications

Geography DPhil June 30 2002


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