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Prof Mohamed Badar


Department: Northumbria Law School

Prof Mohamed Elewa Badar joined Northumbria School of Law as a Reader in comparative and international criminal law in July 2013. 

He previously held a position as a Senior Lecturer and Director of Undergraduate Studies at Brunel Law School, London (2007-2013). He has also taught and acted as a convenor of International Law & Islamic Law module at Durham Law School (2011-2013).

Prof Badar served as Senior Prosecutor and Judge in Egypt from 1997-2006. He is currently a Senior Expert for Euromed Justice IV, a project funded by the European Commission for enhancing Euro-Mediterranean mutual legal assistance on the investigation and prosecution of complex judicial cases i.e. terrorism, money laundering and cybercrime. He also served as a senior Police investigator in Egypt (1991-1997). He was a member (investigator) of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry to investigate and report on allegations of human rights violations during the civil unrest in Bahrain in February/March 2011.

He had the opportunity to work as an expert for the United Nations Interregional Crimes and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), the United States Institute for Peace (USIP), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). 

Prof Badar holds a PhD in comparative and international criminal law from the National University of Ireland, Galway, a first class honours LL.M. degree in international human rights from the same university, a Bachelor of Law (LLB) and a Bachelor of Police Sciences from the Police College, Police Academy, Cairo, and a Diploma in international legal relations from Ain Shams University, Cairo.

Prof Badar is the author of The Concept of Mens Rea in International Criminal Law (Oxford: Hart, 2013) and has published 22 articles in refereed journals as well as 13 chapters in prominent books, such as the Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. His work was cited and quoted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court, the United Nations Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the United Nations International Law Commission, the Supreme Court of Argentina, the Supreme Court of Israel and by distinguished scholars.

Prof Badar is Member of the Editorial Board and Reviewer for the International Criminal Law Review, the International Human Rights Law Review and the Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. He is an Honorary Fellow at Durham Law School and Brunel Law School. He has acted as a PhD external examiner seven times at Durham, Sussex, Strathclyde and Copenhagen Universities.

Prof Badar is the founder and director of the Northumbria Annual Summer Academy on Contemporary Challenges to International Criminal Justice and the co-ordinator of the Annual Study Visit to the international courts and tribunals at the HagueClick here to view my Blog

Campus Address

3 Ellison Terrace
Office 114

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Article 11 Jurisdiction ratione temporis, Rastan, R., Badar, M. 4 Nov 2021, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court , Munich, Germany, Beck Hart Nomos
  • Killing in the Name of Islam? Assessing the Tunisian Approach to Criminalising the Practice of Takfīr and Incitement to Religious Hatred against International and Regional Human Rights Instruments, Badar, M., Florijančič, P. 25 Oct 2021, In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights
  • Assessing Incitement to Hatred as a Crime Against Humanity of Persecution, Badar, M., Florijančič, P. 27 May 2020, In: International Journal of Human Rights
  • The Disqualification of Judge Frederik Harhoff: Implications for the Integrity of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Badar, M., Florijančič, P. 19 Nov 2020, Integrity in International Justice, Brussels, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublishers
  • The Prosecutor v. Vojislav Šešelj: A symptom of the fragmented international criminalisation of hate and fear propaganda, Badar, M., Florijančič, P. 28 May 2020, In: International Criminal Law Review
  • The cognitive and linguistic implications of ISIS propaganda: proving the crime of direct and public incitement to genocide, Badar, M., Florijančič, P. 17 Oct 2019, Propaganda and International Criminal Law, Abingdon, Routledge
  • The Islamic Law of Rebellion and its Potential to Complement Public International Law on the Use of Force, Badar, M., Sabuj, M. 1 Dec 2019, In: Journal of International and Comparative Law
  • Is There a Place for Islámic Law within the Applicable Law of the International Criminal Court?, Badar, M. 2018, Islam and International Criminal Law, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublishers
  • The origins and evolution of Islamic law of rebellion: Its significance to the current international humanitarian law discourse, Badar, M., Al-Dawoody, A., Higgins, N. 10 Dec 2018, International Law and Islam, Brill
  • Discussion Interrupted: The Destruction and Protection of Cultural Property under International Law and Islamic Law - the Case of Prosecutor v. Al Mahdi, Badar, M., Higgins, N. 14 Jun 2017, In: International Criminal Law Review

PGR Supervision

  • Rasem Alnmrush Start Date: 01/10/2021
  • Birju Kotecha The International Criminal Court’s Office of the Prosecutor and Reconciliation Start Date: 01/07/2013 End Date: 07/02/2019
  • Christopher Morris Contemporary Religious Conflicts and the Law of Armed Conflict: An Analysis of the Challenges Posed by ISIS and Other “Unconventional Armed Groups” Start Date: 01/10/2016 End Date: 23/04/2020
  • Usame Altuntas The Crossroads of Islamic and Western Perspectives on Dignity and Punishments Start Date: 01/10/2020
  • Md Sabuj The Legitimacy and Compatibility of Use of Force (Jus ad Bellum) in Public International Law and Islamic International Law Start Date: 01/12/2014 End Date: 11/06/2018


  • Law PhD September 01 2002
  • Law LLM January 01 2001
  • Fellow (FHEA) Higher Education Academy (HEA) 2010

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