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Richard Fu

Reader/Associate Professor

Department: Mathematics Physics and Electrical Engineering

Richard Fu (1)

Dr. Richard (YongQing) Fu is a Reader-Associate Professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Environment, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, UK. He was a Reader in Thin Film Centre in University of West of Scotland, UK, and a lecturer in Heriot-Watt University, UK. He obtained his Ph.D degree from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and then worked as a Research Fellow in Singapore-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alliance, and a Research Associate in University of Cambridge.

He has extensive experience in smart thin film/materials, biomedical microdevices, lab-on-chip, micromechanics, MEMS, nanotechnology, sensors and microfluidics. He has established a worldwide reputation from his pioneer research work on shape memory films, piezoelectric thin films, nanostructured composite/films for applications in MEMS, sensing and energy applications.

His research has been funded by Engineering and Physics Science Research Council (EPSRC), Royal Society, Royal Academy of Engineering, Carnegie Trust, Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scottish Government, Scottish Union Physics Alliance (SUPA), Nuffield Foundation, Innovate UK/Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP), AWE-UK, Erasmus, Scottish Sensor System Centre/CENSIS, Scottish Funding Council and National Science Foundation of China, China Institute of Engineering Research, etc.

He published over 300 science citation index (SCI) journal papers (including Progress in Materials Science, Nature Communications, Nano Letters, Advanced Drug Delivery Review, etc), two books, 20 book chapters, and over 120 conference papers. His current SCI H-index is 38 with over 5500 citations.

He has extensive teaching experience in three UK universities with the teaching modules covering Mechanical Engineering, Material Science/Engineering, Physics, and Electrical Engineering. Attributed to his teaching knowledge on Material Science, he has served as an External Reviewer/Advisor for BSc (Hons) Materials Science Programme for a UK University.

He is regular reviewers for various research council grants and many external PhD thesis reviewers worldwide and reviewed more than 20 PhD thesis. He is associate editor/editorial board members for six international journals including Scientific Report. He is regular journal paper reviewers for more than 30 journals, and has co-organized 12 international conferences worldwide, and co-edited six special issues for journals. He is now served as the Regional President of International Thin Film Society, and Regional Secretary of Taiwan Thin Film Society, and Committee Member of Chinese Society of Heat Treatment and Metallurgy/Chinese Society of Surface Engineering. 

Richard Fu’s ResearchGate website:

Richard Fu’s Northumbria Research Link:

Richard Fu’s Researcher ID is D-2723-2009

Research Fu’s research ID is: URL

Richard Fu’s ORCID No is: ORCID

Campus Address

Room E409, Ellison Building
Faculty of Engineering and Environment
Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne
NE1 8ST UK

+44 (0)191 2274662

Qualifications

BSc, MSc, PhD, PG-CERT, FHEA, MIOP, MIEEE.

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

  • Smart materials, shape memory and piezoelectric materials and films;
  • Biomedical microdevices, Lab-on-chip, micromechanics, biosensor and microfluidics
  • Nanotechnology, nanowires, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), microelectronic materials
  • Shape memory polymer nanocomposites and microactuators;
  • Thin film technologies and surface coatings for (1) precision engineering (hard coating and nanocomposite coating, wear/friction/corrosion), (2) functionalization (microelectronics, MEMS, optical and biological applications); (3) sensing (gas, environment and biosensor), and (4) energy (solar cell and battery) applications

Current/Recent Projects

  • Principle investigator: Leader in EPSRC Research Grant on “Thin Film Acoustic Wave Platform for Conformable and Mechanically Flexible Biosensors”, EP/P018998/1, £348K, in Northumbria University, (and over £700K in total with Glasgow University). 2017-2020. 

  • Principle investigator: Knowledge Transfer Partnership, “IMPEL”-Innovative microsystem for medical practioner and point-of- care,, Industry Funding from Epigem Company, £148K. 2016-2018, Innovate UK, Knowledge transfer Partnership No KTP010548.

  • Principle investigator: Royal Society-Newton Mobility grant No. IE161019, £12,000, working with Prof. Pingan Hu from Harbin Institute of Technology of China, on microfluidic nano-bio-chip for rapid and precision cancer diagnostics, May 2017-May 2019.  
  • Principle investigator, Research Grant for Special Interests Group Grant – SIG-Acoustofluidics, UK Fluids Network (UKFN), £15,000, 2017-2020.

  • Principle investigator, Short Research Visiting Grant, UK Fluids Network (UKFN), £1,000, 2017-2018, funded for integration of Phononic and Acoustic Waves, visiting to Glasgow University.
  • Principle Iinvestigator, Superhard Nanocomposite Shape memory thin films, Royal Academy of Engineering-- Research Exchanges with China and India Scheme, £17,500, 2014-2016.

  • International Co-Investigator-External Collaborator, Graphene field effect transistor protein biosensors for lung cancer detection, Chinese National Science and Technology Foundation 21373068, with Harbin Institute of Technology, CNY 850 K, 2014-2017.

  • Principle investigator, “International Exchange Award” from Royal Society of Edinburgh to collaborate with researchers from Taiwan (Prof. Chuang in national Chengkung University, Taiwan), 2013-2015, total: ~£12,000.

  • Principle investigator, Collaborational Research Funding supported by Chinese Academy of Engineering Sciences, Chinese Government-Research Scholarship Exchange programme (for Visiting scholars of four persons).

  • Principle investigator, Novel gas sensing platform based on nanostructured semiconductor materials, Scottish Sensor System Centre (S3C), £10,100, 2012-2013

  • Principle investigator, Integrated lab-chip system for biosensing based on thin film acoustic wave technology, Carnegie Trust Funding, UK, £40,050, 2011-2013.

  • Co-Investigator, Smart Micosystem, IeMRC/EPSRC (Engineering and Physics Science Research Council), UK, £1.5 Million in total, 2010-2013.

  • Principle investigator, AlN Thin Film based Lab-on-chip, China-Scotland Higher Education Partnership, £25,000. Scottish Government, 2010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, Thin Films based Microfluidic System, Research Grant, Royal Society, UK, £15,000, 2010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, Nanocomposite Shape memory polymer for microsurgery applicationsRoyal Academy of Engineering--Research Exchanges with China and India Scheme£12,5002010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, “International Exchange Award” from Royal Society of Edinburgh to collaborate with researchers from Taiwan (Prof. Cherng in Mingchi University of Technology and Prof. Shu from National Taiwan University), 2010-2011, total: ~£12,000.

  • Principle investigator, Modeling and splat morphology during thermal spray processes, Industry project with Atomic Weapon Enterprise (AWE), UK, £110,000, 2009-2011.

  • Principle investigator, Feasibility of integrating AlN film with a range of advanced digital microfluidic lab-on-chip technologies, Carnegie Trust Funding, UK, £39,500, 2009-2010.

Key Publications

Below are selected key papers from over 300 journal papers. 

Topic 1: Thin Film surface acoustic wave lab-on-chip

  • Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, N.T. Nguyen, A.J. Walton, A.J. Flewitt, X.T Zu, Y. Li, G. McHale, A. Matthews, E. Iborra, H. Du, W.I. Milne, Advances in piezoelectric thin films for acoustic biosensors, acoustofluidics and lab-on-chip applications,  Prog. Mater Sci. 89 (2017) 31-91.
  • J. T. Luo, N. R. Geraldi, J. H. Guan, G. McHale, G. G . Wells, Y. Q. Fu, Slippery Liquid-Infused Porous Surfaces (SLIPS) and Surface Acoustic Wave Droplet Transportation, Phys Rev. Appl. 7 (2017) 014017. 

  • Y.Q. Fu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, F. Placido, and A.J. Walton, Surface acoustic wave nebulisation based on nanocrystalline ZnO film, Appl. Phys. Lett.,101 (2012) 194101.

  • Y.Q. Fu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, H.F. Pang, S. Porro, Y.W. Gu, X. T. Zu, F. Placido, J.I.B. Wilson, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne,Microfluidic of ZnO/nanocrystalline diamond surface acoustic wave devices, Biomicrofluidics, 6, 013864 (2012).

  • Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, X. Du, A.J. Flewitt, Y. Li, A. Walton, W.I. Milne, Recent developments in ZnO films for acoustic wave based bio-sensing and microfluidic applications, Sens. Actuat. B. 143 (2010) 606-619.

  • X.Y. Du, Y.Q. Fu, S.C. Tan, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, D.S. Lee, N.M. Park, J. Park, Y.J. Choi, S.H. Kim, and S. Maeng, ZnO film thickness effect on surface acoustic wave modes and acoustic streaming, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2008, 93(9) 094105.

  • Liu Y, Chen TP, Zhao P, Zhang S, Fung S, Fu YQ, Memory effect of Al-rich AlN films synthesized with rf magnetron sputtering, Appl Phys. Lett., 87 (3): art. no. 033112 JUL 18 2005.

 

Topic 2: Advanced materials, graphene, nanowires, nanotubes.

  • C. Yang, D. Souchay, M. Kneiß, M. Bogner, H. M. Wei, M. Lorenz, O. Oeckler, G. Benstetter, Y. Q. Fu, and M Grundmann, Transparent Flexible Thermoelectric Material Based on Non-toxic Earth-Abundant p-Type Copper Iodide Thin Film, Nature Communications, in press.

  • X. Chen, Y. Qiu, G.Liu, W. zheng, W. Feng, F. Gao, W. Cao, Y. Q. Fu, W. Hu and P. Hu Tuning electrochemical catalytic activity of defective 2D terrace MoSe2 heterogeneous catalyst via Co doping, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, May 2017, DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02327H.
  • Xiaoli Sun, Zhiguo Wang, Y.Q. Fu, Adsorption and Diffusion of Sodium on Graphene with Grain Boundaries, Carbon, 116, May 2017, 415–421

  • Zhijie Li, Ningning Wang, Zhijie Lin, Junqiang Wang, Wei Liu, Kai Sun, Yong Qing Fu, Zhiguo Wang,,Hydrothermally grown porous CuO nanosheets for highly sensitive/selective H2S sensor, ACS-Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2016, 8, 20962−20968.

  • J. Zhang,C. Zhao, N. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Q. Fu, B. Guo, Z. Wang, S. Lei and P. A. Hu, Tunable electronic properties of graphene through controlling bonding configurations of doped nitrogen atoms, Sci. Rept. 6, 2016, 28330.

  • Xiaoli Sun, Zhiguo Wang, Zhijie Li, Y.Q. Fu, Origin of Structural Transformation in Mono- and Bi-Layered Molybdenum Disulfide, Sci Report, 6, 2016, 26666.

  • X. Sun, Z.G. Wang, Y.Q. Fu, Defect-Mediated Lithium Adsorption on Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide, Scientific. Report, 5 (2015) 18712. 

  • Z.G. Wang,Q. L. Su, G. Q. Yin, J. j. Shi, H. Deng, J. Guan, M.P. Wu, Y.L. Zhou, H.L. Lou, Y.Q. Fu,Comparison of Tetragonal and Cubic Tin as anode for Mg Ion Batteries, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6 (2014)  no. 9, 6786-6789.

  • D.Singh, A.A.Narasimulu, L.Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q.Fu, T.Hassan, G.Shao and J.K.Luo, ZnO nanorod films synthesized by chemical solution deposition, J. Mater Chem. C, 1 (2013) 2525-2528.

  • Y.Q. Fu, C. Shearwood, Bin Xu, L.G. Yu, K. A. Khor. Characterization of spark plasma sintered Ag nano-powders., Nanotechnology.21 (2010) 115707. 

  • Alan Colli, Andrea Fasoli, Simone Pisana, Yongqing Fu, Paul Beecher, William I. Milne, and Andrea C. Ferrari, Nanowire Lithography on Silicon, Nano Lett.  8, 1358 (2008) 04-Apr-2008.

  • Y. Ren, Y.Q. Fu, F. Li, H. M. Cheng, and K. Liao, Fatigue failure mechanisms of single-walled carbon nanotube ropes, Appl. Phys. Lett, Vol. 84, No. 15, April, 2004.

  • L. Huang, S. P. Lau, Y. B. Zhang, B. K. Tay, Y. Q. Fu, The synthesis of carbon nanotubes and zirconium carbobide composite films on glass substrate, Nanotechnology, 15 (2004) 1-4.

 

Topic 3: Thin Film Shape memory Alloys

  • K. Li, Y. Li, C. Liu, D. Gibson, A. Leyland, A. Matthew, Y.Q. Fu, Tuning wide-range and near-zero thermal hysteresis in sputtered shape memory Ti38.8Ni41.7Nb19.5 thin films, Appl. Phys. Lett., 108 (2016) 171907.

  • S. Miyzaki, Y. Q. Fu, W. M. Huang, Book of “Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys: Fundamentals and biomedical Device Applications”, Cambridge University Press, 2009, ISBN 9780521, 885768, Page 459 in total.

  • Y.Q. Fu, Sanjabi, S., Barber, Z.H., Clyne, T.W., Huang, W.M., Cai, M.D., Luo, J.K., Flewitt, A.J., Milne, W.I., Evolution of surface morphology in TiNiCu shape memory thin films, Applied Physics Letters, 89, 171922, 2006.

  • Y. Q. Fu,Y. W. Gu,C. Shearwood, J. K. Luo, A. J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powders for biological application, Nanotechnology, 17 (21): 5293-5298 NOV 14 2006.

  • Y.Q. Fu, Hejun Du, Weimin Huang, Sam Zhang, Min Hu, TiNi-based thin films in MEMS applications: A review, Sensors & Actuators: A. Physical, Vol 112/2-3, 2004, pp 395-408.

 

Topic 4: Solar cells and thin film battery

  • Xinyu Li, Zongbao, Li, Xiaofeng, Yang, Lichao Jia, Y. Q. Fu, Bo Chi, Jian Pu, Jian Li, First-principles study of initial oxygen reduction reaction on stoichiometric and reduced CeO2 (111) surfaces as cathode catalyst for lithium-oxygen batteries, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2017, 5, 3320-3329.

  • Jin Cui, Pengfei Li, Kun Cao, Dan Li, Junbo Han, Yan Shen,Mingying Peng, Yong Qing Fu,and Mingkui Wang, Phosphor coated NiO-based planar inverted organometallic halide perovskite solar cells with enhanced efficiency and stability, Appl. Phys. Lett., 109 (2016) 4565838.

  • Lin Gao, Minglei Cao, Yong Qing Fu, Zhicheng Zhong, Yan Shen, and Mingkui Wang, Hierarchical TiO2 spheres assisted with graphene for high performance lithium-sulfur battery, J. Mater Chem. A, 4 (2016) 16454-16461.

  • Hua Zhang, Lingwei Xue, Junbo Han, Yong Qing Fu, Yan Shen, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Yongfang Li, MingKui Wang, New Generation Perovskite Solar Cells with Solution-Processed Amino-substituted Perylene Diimide Derivative as Electron-Transport Layer, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, May 2016, 2016,4, 8724-8733.

  • N. Ali, A. Hussain, R. Ahmed, M. K. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Ul Haq, Y.Q. Fu, Advances in nanostructured thin film materials for solar cell applications, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, 59, 726.

  • X. Sun, Z.G. Wang, Y.Q. Fu, Defect-Mediated Lithium Adsorption on Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide, Sci. Report, 5 (2015) 18712.

  • Chao Zhao, Jia Zhang, Yue Hu, Neil Robertson, P.A. Hu, D.Gibson, D.Child, Y.Q. Fu, Hydrothermal in-situ growth of hexagonal AlZnO/ZnO hybrid nanostructures for flexible dye-synthesized solar cells, Sci. Rep., 5 (2015) 17750.

  • Zhiguo Wang, Qiulei Su, Huiqiu Deng,,Weidong He, Junhao Lin, Y. Q. Fu, Modelling and simulation of electron-rich effect on Li diffusion in group IVA elements (Si, Ge and Sn) for Li ion batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 (2014) 13976-13982.

  • Z.G. Wang,Q. L. Su, G. Q. Yin, J. j. Shi, H. Deng, J. Guan, M.P. Wu, Y.L. Zhou, H.L. Lou, Y.Q. Fu,Comparison of Tetragonal and Cubic Tin as anode for Mg Ion Batteries, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6 (2014)  no. 9, 6786-6789. 

 

Topic 5. Sensing and Microfludics

  • Weipeng Xuan, Xingli He, Jinkai Chen, Wenbo Wang, Xiaozhi Wang, Yang Xu, Zhen Xu, Y. Q. Fu, Jikui Luo, High sensitivity flexible Lamb-wave humidity sensor with graphene oxide sensing layer, Nanoscale, 2015, 7 (16) 7430-7436.  DOI: 10.1039/C5NR00040H.
     
  • * Jia Zhang, Chao Zhao, Ping An Hu,  Zhenlong Wang, Wenwu Cao, Bin Yang, Frank Placido, Y. Q. Fu, UV light enhanced TiO2/graphene device for oxygen sensing at room temperature, RSC Advances, 3 (2013) 22185-22190.
     
  • * S. Brodie, Y.Q. Fu, Y. Li, A. Mansuor, A. Walton, Shear horizontal surface acoustic wave induced microfluidic flow, Appl. Phy. Lett., 99 (2011) 153704.

  • * M. Alghane, B. X. Chen, Y. Q. Fu, Y. Li, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. I. Mohammed, and A. J. Walton, Effects of hydrodynamic nonlinearity in development of SAW acoustic streaming, Phys. Rev. E, 86, 056304 (2012).

  • S.E. Ong, S. Zhang, H. J. Du, Y.Q. Fu, Fundamental principles and applications of microfluidic systems, Frontiers in Bioscience, 13 (7), 2008, p. 2757-2773.

 

Topic 6: Nanotechnology, nanostructure, nanopatterning.

  • D.Singh, L.Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q.Fu, T.Hassan, G.Shao and J.K.Luo, ZnO nanorod films synthesized by chemical solution deposition, J. Mater Chem. C, 1 (2013) 2515-2528.  DOI: 10.1039/c3tc00873h

  • Y.Q. Fu, C. Shearwood, Bin Xu, L.G. Yu, K. A. Khor. Characterization of spark plasma sintered Ag nano-powders., Nanotechnology.21 (2010) 115707. 

  • A. Colli, A. Fasoli, S. Pisana, Y.Q. Fu, P. Beecher, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nanowire Lithography on Silicon, Nano Lett.  8, 1358 (2008) 04-Apr-2008.

  • Y. Q. Fu,Y. W. Gu,C. Shearwood, J. K. Luo, A. J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powders for biological application, Nanotechnology, 17 (21): 5293-5298 NOV 14 2006.

  • Y. Ren, Y.Q. Fu, F. Li, H. M. Cheng, and K. Liao, Fatigue failure mechanisms of single-walled carbon nanotube ropes, Appl. Phys. Lett, Vol. 84, No. 15, April, 2004.

  • Lei Huang, S.P. Lau, D.G.McCulloch, W.H. Zhong, C.Q. Sun, Y.Q. Fu and B.K. Tay, Self-organized carbon nanotubes grown at the grain boundary of iron-nitride, Carbon, Volume 43, Issue 3, 2005, Pages 654-657.

  • S. Li, T. White, C.Q. Sun, Y.Q. Fu, J. Plevert and K. Lauren, Discriminating lattice structural effects from electronic contributions to the superconductivity of doped MgB2 with nanotechnology, J. Phys. Chem. B 108 (42): 16415-16419 OCT 21 2004.

  • T. P. Chen, Y. Liu, C. Q. Sun, M. S. Tse, J. H. Hsieh, Y. Q. Fu, Y. C. Liu, S. Fung, Core level shift of Si nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 matrix, J. Phys. Chem. B (2004), 108 (2004) 16609-16612.

  • C. Q. Sun, B. K. Tay, Y. Q. Fu, S. Li, T. P. Chen, H. L. Bai, E. Y. Jiang, Discriminating Crystal Binding from Atomic Trapping of a Core Electron at Energy-Levels Shifted by Surface Relaxation or Nanosolid Formation, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (2003) 411-414. 

 

Topic 7. Hard-superhard coating, nanocomposite, Wear, tribology

  • J. K. Luo, Y. Q. Fu, S. B. Milne, H. R. Le, J.A. Williams, S. M. Spearing, A.J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Applications of diamond and diamond like carbon in MEMS, J. Micromech. Microengng. 17 (2007) S147-S163.

  • S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Toughness measurement of thin films: a critical review, Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 198 no. 1-3, 2005, 74-84. 

  • S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Toughening of hard nanostructural thin films: a critical review, Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 198 no. 1-3, 2005, 2-8.

  • S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y.Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Superhard and surpertough nanocomposite coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology, 167/2-3 (2003) 113 – 119.

 

Topic 8. Shape memory polymer and smart applications

  • M. Lei, B. Xu, Y. Pei, H.Lu, Y. Q. Fu, Micromechanics of nanostructured carbon/shape memory polymer hybrid thin film, Soft Matt, 12 (2016) 106-114. DOI: 10.1039/c5sm01269d.

  • W. M. Huang, C.L Song, Y.Q. Fu, C.C. Wang, Y Zhao, H Purnawali, HB Lu, C Tang, Z Ding,  JL Zhang, Shaping tissue with shape memory materials, Advanced Drug Delivery Review (ADDR), 65 (2013) 525-535.

  • WM Huang, B. Yang, and Y. Q. Fu, Book of “PolyurethaneShape Memory Polymers”, Tayler and Frances, page 296 in total, 9781439838006, 1439838003, May 25th, 2011.
  • B. Xu, Y.Q.Fu, M. Ahmad, J. K. Luo, W. M. Huang, A. Kraft, R. Reuben, Y. T. Pei, Z. G. Chen, J. Th. M. De Hosson, Thermo-mechanical properties of polystyrene-based shape memory nanocomposites, J. Mater. Chemistry, 20 (2010) 3442-3448.


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