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Prof Richard Fu

Chair in Smart Materials and Microsystems

Department: Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering

Dr. Richard (YongQing) Fu is a Professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Environment, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, UK.

Richard Fu (1)

He was a Reader in Thin Film Centre in University of West of Scotland, Glasgow, UK, and a lecturer in Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK. He obtained his PhD degree from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and then worked as a Research Fellow in Singapore-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alliance, and a Research Associate in University of Cambridge.


He has extensive experience in smart thin film/materials, biomedical microdevices, energy materials, lab-on-chip, micromechanics, MEMS, nanotechnology, sensors and microfluidics. He has established a worldwide reputation from his pioneer research work on shape memory films, piezoelectric thin films, nanostructured composite/films for applications in MEMS, sensing and renewable energy applications.

His research has been funded by Engineering and Physics Science Research Council (EPSRC), Royal Society, Royal Academy of Engineering, Carnegie Trust, UK Fluidic Network, Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scottish Government, Scottish Union Physics Alliance (SUPA), Nuffield Foundation, Innovate UK/Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP), AWE-UK, EU-Erasmus, Scottish Sensor System Centre/CENSIS, Scottish Funding Council and National Science Foundation of China, etc.


He published over 350 science citation index (SCI) journal papers (including Nat. Comm., Prog. Mater Sci, Nano Energy, Nano Lett., Chem. Mater., J Mater Chem A, Advanced Drug Delivery Review, etc.) 2 books, 20 book chapters, and over 120 conference papers. His current SCI H-index is 42 with over 6900 citations (up to Oct 2018), and his Google scholar H-index is 53.

He has extensive teaching experience in three UK universities with the teaching modules covering Mechanical Engineering, Material Science/Engineering, Physics, Renewable Energy, and Electrical Engineering. He has actively involved in departmental/institutional development in the past 10 years, and served various duties in teaching, research, social and networking activities.


He is associate editor/editorial board members for seven international journals including Scientific Report. He is regular journal paper reviewers for more than 40 journals, and has co-organized 12 international conferences worldwide, and co-edited eight special issues for journals.

He is now served as the Regional President of International Thin Film Society, and Regional Secretary of Taiwan Thin Film Society, and Committee Member of Chinese Society of Heat Treatment and Metallurgy/Chinese Society of Surface Engineering.

Richard Fu’s ResearchGate website:

Richard Fu’s Northumbria Research Link:

Richard Fu's Google Scholar

Richard Fu’s Researcher ID is D-2723-2009

Research Fu’s research ID is: URL

Richard Fu’s ORCID No is: ORCID

Campus Address

Room E409, Ellison Building
Faculty of Engineering and Environment
Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne

+44 (0)191 2274662



Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

  • Smart materials, shape memory and piezoelectric materials and films;
  • Biomedical microdevices, Lab-on-chip, micromechanics, biosensor and microfluidics
  • Nanotechnology, nanowires, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), microelectronic materials
  • Shape memory polymer nanocomposites and microactuators;
  • Thin film technologies and surface coatings for (1) precision engineering (hard coating and nanocomposite coating, wear/friction/corrosion), (2) functionalization (microelectronics, MEMS, optical and biological applications); (3) sensing (gas, environment and biosensor), and (4) energy (solar cell and battery) applications

Current/Recent Projects

  • Co-investigator, CO2Chem Seedcorn Grant, Mass transport and selectivity for CO2 electrochemical reduction reaction using graphene aerogel electrode, 2018-2019, £10,000.
  • Principle investigator: Leader in EPSRC Research Grant on “Thin Film Acoustic Wave Platform for Conformable and Mechanically Flexible Biosensors”, EP/P018998/1, £348K, in Northumbria University, (and over £700K in total with Glasgow University). 2017-2020. 

  • Principle investigator: Knowledge Transfer Partnership, “IMPEL”-Innovative microsystem for medical practioner and point-of- care,, Industry Funding from Epigem Company, £148K. 2016-2018, Innovate UK, Knowledge transfer Partnership No KTP010548.

  • Principle investigator: Royal Society-Newton Mobility grant No. IE161019, £12,000, working with Prof. Pingan Hu from Harbin Institute of Technology of China, on microfluidic nano-bio-chip for rapid and precision cancer diagnostics, May 2017-May 2019.  
  • Principle investigator, Research Grant for Special Interests Group Grant – SIG-Acoustofluidics, UK Fluids Network (UKFN), £15,000, 2017-2020.

  • Principle investigator, Short Research Visiting Grant, UK Fluids Network (UKFN), £1,000, 2017-2018, funded for integration of Phononic and Acoustic Waves, visiting to Glasgow University.
  • Principle Iinvestigator, Superhard Nanocomposite Shape memory thin films, Royal Academy of Engineering-- Research Exchanges with China and India Scheme, £17,500, 2014-2016.

  • International Co-Investigator-External Collaborator, Graphene field effect transistor protein biosensors for lung cancer detection, Chinese National Science and Technology Foundation 21373068, with Harbin Institute of Technology, CNY 850 K, 2014-2017.

  • Principle investigator, “International Exchange Award” from Royal Society of Edinburgh to collaborate with researchers from Taiwan (Prof. Chuang in national Chengkung University, Taiwan), 2013-2015, total: ~£12,000.

  • Principle investigator, Collaborational Research Funding supported by Chinese Academy of Engineering Sciences, Chinese Government-Research Scholarship Exchange programme (for Visiting scholars of four persons).

  • Principle investigator, Novel gas sensing platform based on nanostructured semiconductor materials, Scottish Sensor System Centre (S3C), £10,100, 2012-2013

  • Principle investigator, Integrated lab-chip system for biosensing based on thin film acoustic wave technology, Carnegie Trust Funding, UK, £40,050, 2011-2013.

  • Co-Investigator, Smart Micosystem, IeMRC/EPSRC (Engineering and Physics Science Research Council), UK, £1.5 Million in total, 2010-2013.

  • Principle investigator, AlN Thin Film based Lab-on-chip, China-Scotland Higher Education Partnership, £25,000. Scottish Government, 2010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, Thin Films based Microfluidic System, Research Grant, Royal Society, UK, £15,000, 2010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, Nanocomposite Shape memory polymer for microsurgery applicationsRoyal Academy of Engineering--Research Exchanges with China and India Scheme£12,5002010-2012.

  • Principle investigator, “International Exchange Award” from Royal Society of Edinburgh to collaborate with researchers from Taiwan (Prof. Cherng in Mingchi University of Technology and Prof. Shu from National Taiwan University), 2010-2011, total: ~£12,000.

  • Principle investigator, Modeling and splat morphology during thermal spray processes, Industry project with Atomic Weapon Enterprise (AWE), UK, £110,000, 2009-2011.

  • Principle investigator, Feasibility of integrating AlN film with a range of advanced digital microfluidic lab-on-chip technologies, Carnegie Trust Funding, UK, £39,500, 2009-2010.

Key Publications

 Top 10 Key Publications in 10 research areas in past 10 years:


Topic 1: Thin Film surface acoustic wave lab-on-chip

1. Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, N.T. Nguyen, A.J. Walton, A.J. Flewitt, X.T Zu, Y. Li, G. McHale, A. Matthews. E. Iborra H. Du, W.I. Milne, Advances in piezoelectric thin films for acoustic biosensors, acoustofluidics and lab-on-chip applications, Progress in Mater Sci. 89 (2017) 31-91. Article reference: JPMS447, DOI: 10.1016/j.pmatsci.2017.04.006.

2. R Tao, S. A. Hasan, H. Z. Wang, J. Zhou, J. T. Luo, G. McHale, D. Gibson, P. Canyelles-Pericas, M. D. Cooke, D. Wood, Y. Liu, Q. Wu, W.P. Ng, T. Franke, Y. Q. Fu, Bimorph material/structure designs for high sensitivity flexible surface acoustic wave temperature sensors, Sci. Rep., 8 (2018)9052. DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-27324-1

3. J. Zhou,H.F. Pang, L. Garcia-Gancedo, E. Iborra, M. DeMiguel-Ramos, M. Clement, H. Jin, J.K. Luo, S. Smith, S. R. Dong, D.M.Wang, Y. Q. Fu, Discrete microfluidics based on aluminum nitride surface acoustic wave devices, Microfluidics and Nanofludics, 18 (2015) 537-548. DOI 10.1007/s10404-014-1456-1. ISSN 1613-4982.

4. A.J. Flewitt, J.K. Luo, Y.Q. Fu, ,L. Garcia-Gancedo, X.Y. Du, J. Lu, X, Zhao, E. Iborra, D. M. Ramos, W.I. Milne, ZnO Based SAW and FBAR devices for Bio-Sensing applications, Journal of Non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, 222 (2015) 209-216, DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2014.12.002.

5. Y. Liu, Yifan Li, Ahmed. M. el-Hady, C. Zhao, J. F. Du, Y. Liu, Y.Q. Fu, Flexible acoustofluidics based on ZnO film coated aluminium foil, Sens. Actuat. B, 221 (2015) 230–235. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2015.06.083.

6. Guo, Y. J.; Dennison, A. P.; Li, Y; X.T.Zu, Y.Q. Fu, Nebulization of water/glycerol droplets generated by ZnO/Si surface acoustic wave devices, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 19 (2) 273-282, AUG 2015. DOI: 10.1007/s10404-014-1501-0

7. J. Zhou, M. DeMiguel-Ramos, L. Garcia-Gancedo, E. Iborra, J.Olivares, H. Jin, J.K. Luo, A. S. Elhady, S. R. Dong, D.M.Wang, Y. Q. Fu, Characterisation of aluminium nitride films and surface acoustic wave devices for microfluidic applications, Sens. Actuat. B, 202 (2014) 984-992.

8. Y.Q. Fu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, H.F. Pang, S. Porro, Y.W. Gu, X. T. Zu, F. Placido, J.I.B. Wilson, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, Microfluidic of ZnO/nanocrystalline diamond surface acoustic wave devices, Biomicrofluidics, 6, 013864 (2012).

9. Y.Q. Fu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, F. Placido, and A.J. Walton, Surface acoustic wave nebulisation based on nanocrystalline ZnO film, Appl. Phys. Lett., 101 (2012) 194101.

10. Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, X. Du, A.J. Flewitt, Y. Li, A. Walton, W.I. Milne, Recent developments in ZnO films for acoustic wave based bio-sensing and microfluidic applications, Sens. Actuat. B. 143 (2010) 606-619.



Topic 2: Thin Film Shape memory microactuators

1. N. H. Faisal, Anil K. Prathuru, Saurav Goel, R. Ahmed, M. G. Droubi , B. D. Beake, Y. Q. Fu, Cyclic nanoindentation and nanoimpact fatigue mechanisms of functionally graded TiN/TiNi film, Shape Memory and Superelasticity, (2017) 3: 149. DOI: 10.1007/s40830-017-0099-y.

2. K. Li, Y. Li, C. Liu, D. Gibson, A. Leyland, A. Matthew, Y.Q. Fu, Tuning wide-range and near-zero thermal hysteresis in sputtered shape memory Ti38.8Ni41.7Nb19.5 thin films, Appl. Phys. Lett., 108 (2016) 171907.

3. Kun Li, Y. Li, Xu Huang, Des Gibson, Yang Zheng, Jiao Liu, Lu Sun, Yong Qing Fu, Surface microstructures and corrosion resistance of Ni-Ti-Nb shape memory thin films Corrosion resistance of Ni-Ti-Nb Shape Memory Thin Films with different Nb Concentrations, Appl Surf. Sci. 414 (2017) 63-67, DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.04.070.

4. Y.Q. Fu, W. M. Huang, H. Du, Stress induced texture and shape memory trench in TiNiCu films, Thin Solid Films, 519 (2011) 5290-5296.

5. S. Miyzaki, Y. Q. Fu, W. M. Huang, Book of “Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys: Fundamentals and biomedical Device Applications”, Cambridge University Press, 2009, ISBN 9780521, 885768, Page 459 in total.

6. Y. Q. Fu, J. K. Luo, S. E. Ong, S. Zhang, A. J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Shape memory microcage of TiNi/DLC films for biological applications, J. Micromech. Microeng. 18 (2008) 035026.

7. Y.Q. Fu, Sanjabi, S., Barber, Z.H., Clyne, T.W., Huang, W.M., Cai, M.D., Luo, J.K., Flewitt, A.J., Milne, W.I., Evolution of surface morphology in TiNiCu shape memory thin films, Applied Physics Letters, 89, 171922, 2006.

8. Y.Q. Fu, Hejun Du, Weimin Huang, Sam Zhang, Min Hu, TiNi-based thin films in MEMS applications: A review, Sensors & Actuators: A. Physical, Vol 112/2-3, 2004, pp 395-408.

9. Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, S. Zhang, TiNi SMA thin films: relationship among processing, stress evolution and transformation properties, Surface and Coatings Technology, 167/2-3 (2003) 120 – 128.

10. Y. Q. Fu, W. M. Huang, H. J. Du, X. Huang, J. P. Tan, X. Y. Gao, Characterization of TiNi shape-memory alloy thin film for MEMS application, Surface and Coatings Technology, 145 (1-3): 107-112 AUG 1 2001.



Topic 3: Energy: Thin film battery, thermoelectric, catalyst materials

1. Jinkai Chen, Weipeng Xuan, Pengfei Zhao, Umar Farooq, Peng Ding, Wuliang Yin, Hao Jin, Xiaozhi Wang, Yongqing Fu, Shurong Dong and Jikui Luo, Triboelectric effect based instantaneous self-powered wireless sensing with self-determined identity, Nano Energy, 51 (2018) 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.06.029.

2. C. Yang, D. Souchay, M. Kneiß, M. Bogner, H. M. Wei, M. Lorenz, O. Oeckler, G. Benstetter, Y. Q. Fu, and M Grundmann, Transparent Flexible Thermoelectric Material Based on Non-toxic Earth-Abundant p-Type Copper Iodide Thin Film, Nature Communications, 8 (2017)16076.

3. Xin Xiao, Dekang Huang, Yong Qing Fu, Ming Wen, Xingxing Jiang, Xiaowei Lv, Man Li, Lin Gao, Shuangshuang Liu, Mingkui Wang, Chuan Zhao, Yan Shen, Engineering NiS/Ni2P Heterostructures for Efficient Electrocatalytic Water Splitting, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10 (5), pp 4689–4696, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b16430.

4. X. Chen, Y. Qiu, G. Liu, W. Zheng, W. Feng, F. Gao, W. Cao, Y. Q. Fu, W. Hu and P. Hu, Tuning electrochemical catalytic activity of defective 2D terrace MoSe2 heterogeneous catalyst via Co doping, J. Mater. Chem. A, 5 (2017) 11357, DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02327H

5. Qingnan Wu, Jiahao Wen, Ming Wen, Qingsheng Wu, and Yong Qing Fu, Bioinspired Sea-sponge Nanostructure Design of Ni/Ni(HCO3)2-on-C for Supercapacitor with Superior Anti-fading Capacity, J. Mater Chem. A, 6 (2018) 15781-15788, DOI: 10.1039/c8ta05303k.

6. Leiming Tao, Man Li, Shaohang Wu, Qinglong Wang, Xin Xiao, Qingwei Li,Mingkui Wang, YongQing Fu and Yan Shen, Sea Coral-like NiCo2O4@(Ni, Co)OOH Heterojunctions for Enhancing Overall Water-Splitting, Catalyst Science and Technology, 8 (2018) 4151-4158. DOI: 10.1039/c8cy00624e.

7. Zhuang-hao Zheng, Ping Fan, Jing-ting Luo, Guang-xing Liang, Hong-li Ma, Xiang-hua Zhang, Chang Yang, Yong Qing Fu, High-performance p-type inorganic-organic hybrid thermoelectric thin films, Nanoscale, 10 (2018) 13511-13519. DOI: 10.1039/c8nr02065e.

8. Xinyu Li, Zongbao, Li, Xiaofeng, Yang, Lichao Jia, Y. Q. Fu, Bo Chi, Jian Pu, Jian Li, First-principles study of initial oxygen reduction reaction on stoichiometric and reduced CeO2 (111) surfaces as cathode catalyst for lithium-oxygen batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 3320-3329.

9. Lin Gao, Minglei Cao, Yong Qing Fu, Zhicheng Zhong, Yan Shen, and Mingkui Wang, Hierarchical TiO2 spheres assisted with graphene for high performance lithium-sulfur battery, J. Mater Chem. A, 4 (2016) 16454-16461. DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06285G.

10. Zhiguo Wang, Qiulei Su, Huiqiu Deng,,Weidong He, Junhao Lin, Y. Q. Fu, Modelling and simulation of electron-rich effect on Li diffusion in group IVA elements (Si, Ge and Sn) for Li ion batteries, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 (2014) 13976-13982.



Topic 4: Advanced 2D and 1D materials including graphene and MoS2

1. Zheng, Wei; Huang, Weicheng; Yang, Huihui; Gao, Feng; Dai, Mingjin; Liu, Guangbo; Yang, Bin; Zhang, Jia; Yong Qing Fu; Chen, Xiaoshuang; Qiu, Yunfeng; Jia, Dechang; Zhou, Yu; Hu, PingAn, Kirigami-inspired highly stretchable nanoscale devices using multi-dimensional deformation of monolayer MoS2, Chemistry of Materials, cm-2018-02464p.R1.

2. X. Chen, Y. Qiu, G. Liu, W. Zheng, W. Feng, F. Gao, W. Cao, Y. Q. Fu, W. Hu and P. Hu, Tuning electrochemical catalytic activity of defective 2D terrace MoSe2 heterogeneous catalyst via Co doping, J. Mater. Chem. A, 5 (2017) 11357, DOI: 10.1039/C7TA02327H

3. Lin Gao, Minglei Cao, Yong Qing Fu, Zhicheng Zhong, Yan Shen, and Mingkui Wang, Hierarchical TiO2 spheres assisted with graphene for high performance lithium-sulfur battery, J. Mater Chem. A, 4 (2016) 16454-16461. DOI: 10.1039/C6TA06285G.

4. Shi, Wenwu; Wang, Zhiguo; Li, Zhijie; Y.Q Fu, Electric field enhanced adsorption and diffusion of adatoms in MoS2 monolayer, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 183 (2016) 392-397. DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.08.043

5. J. Zhang, C. Zhao, N. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Q. Fu, B. Guo, Z. Wang, S. Lei and P. A. Hu, Tunable electronic properties of graphene through controlling bonding configurations of doped nitrogen atoms, Sci. Rept. 6, 2016, 28330. Doi: 10.1038/srep28330.

6. Xiaoli Sun, Zhiguo Wang, Y.Q. Fu, Adsorption and Diffusion of Sodium on Graphene with Grain Boundaries, Carbon, 116, May 2017, 415–421.

7. Xiaoli Sun, Zhiguo Wang, Zhijie Li, Y.Q. Fu, Origin of Structural Transformation in Mono- and Bi-Layered Molybdenum Disulfide, Sci. Rep. 6, 2016, 26666. Doi:10.1038/srep26666.

8.X. Sun, Z.G. Wang, Y.Q. Fu, Defect-Mediated Lithium Adsorption on Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide, Sci. Rep., 5 (2015) 18712.DOI: 10.1038/srep18712.

9. D.Singh, A.A.Narasimulu, L.Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q.Fu, T.Hassan, G.Shao and J.K.Luo, ZnO nanorod films synthesized by chemical solution deposition, J. Mater Chem. C, 1 (2013) 2525-2528.

10.  Ren, Y.Q. Fu, F. Li, H. M. Cheng, and K. Liao, Fatigue failure mechanisms of single-walled carbon nanotube ropes, Appl. Phys. Lett, 84 (2004) 2811.



Topic 5. Gas sensor, UV/humidity sensors based on nanomaterials

1. Yongliang Tang, Dongyi Ao, Wei Li, Xiaotao Zu, Sean Li, Yong Qing Fu, NH3 sensing property and mechanisms of quartz surface acoustic wave sensors deposited with SiO2, TiO2, and its composite films, Sens Actuat B, 254 (2018) 1165-1173. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.07.195.

2. Min Li, Jingting Luo, Chen Fu, Hao Kan, Zhen Huang, Wangman Huang, Shuqin Yang, Jianbing Zhang, Jiang Tang, Yong Qing Fu, Honglang Li, Huan Liu, PbSe quantum dots-based chemiresistors for room-temperature NO2 detection, Sensors and Actuator B, 256 (2018) 1045-1056. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.10.

3. Zhijie Li, Junqiang Wang; Sa Zhang; Shengnan Yan; Baobao Cao; Zhiguo Wang; Yongqing Fu, Nanostructuring of silica modified CeO2 for enhanced NH3 gas-sensing performance, Sensors and Actuators B 255 (2018) 862–870;

4. Ishrat Rahim, Mutabar Shah, Afzal khan, Jingting Luo, Aihua Zhong, Min Li, Rashid Ahmed, Honglang Li, Qiuping Wei, Yongqing, Fu,, Capacitive and resistive response of humidity sensors based on graphene decorated by PMMA and silver nanoparticles, Sens Actuat B, Volume 267, 15 August 2018, Pages 42-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2018.03.069

5. Zhijie Li, Ningning Wang, Zhijie Lin, Junqiang Wang, Wei Liu, Kai Sun, Yong Qing Fu, Zhiguo Wang,,Hydrothermally grown porous CuO nanosheets for highly sensitive/selective H2S sensor, ACS-Applied Materials and Interfaces, ACS-Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2016, 8, 20962−20968, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b02893.

6. Zhijie Li, Zhijie Lin, Ningning Wang, Junqiang Wang, Wei Liu, Kai Sun, Yong Qing Fu, Zhiguo Wang, Network nano-sheet Co3O4 arrays for precision NH3 sensing, Sens. Actuat. B, 235 (2016) 222–231, DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.05.063.

7. Zhijie Li, Zhijie Lin, Ningning Wang, Wei Liu, Zhiguo Wang, Yong Qing Fu, Facile synthesis of alpha-Fe2O3 micro-ellipsoids by surfactant-free hydrothermal method for sub-ppm level H2S detection, Mater. Design, 110 (2016) 532-539. DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2016.08.035

8. Zhijie Li, Yanwu Huang, Shouchao Zhang, Weimei Chen, Zhong Kuang, Dongyi Ao, Wei Liu, Y. Q. Fu, A fast response & recovery H2S gas sensor based onFe2O3 nanoparticles with ppb level detection limit, Journal of Hazardous Materials 300 (2015) 167–174. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.07.003,

9. Weipeng Xuan, Xingli He, Jinkai Chen, Wenbo Wang, Xiaozhi Wang, Yang Xu, Zhen Xu, Y. Q. Fu, Jikui Luo, High sensitivity flexible Lamb-wave humidity sensor with graphene oxide sensing layer, Nanoscale, 2015, 7 (16) 7430-7436. DOI: 10.1039/C5NR00040H.

10. Yong-Liang Tang, Zhi-Jie Li, Jin-Yi Ma, Yuan-Jun Guo, Y. Q. Fu, Xiao-Tao Zu, Ammonia gas sensors based on ZnO/SiO2bi-layer nanofilms on ST-cutquartz surface acoustic wave devices, Sens. Actuat. B, 201 (2014) 114–121.



Topic 6: Solar cell thin films and photovoltaics

1. N. Ali, Arshad Hussain, R. Ahmed, M. Firdaus Bin Omara, M. Sultand, Yong Qing Fu, Crystallized InBiS3 thin films with enhanced optoelectronic properties, Applied Surface Science, 436 (2018) 293–301. DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.11.273.

2. Arshad Hussain, R. Ahmed, Nisar Ali, Naser M AbdEl-Salam,\ Karim bin Deraman, Y.Q. Fu, Synthesis and characterization of thermally evaporated copper bismuth sulphide thin films, Surf. Coat. Technol., 320 (2017) 404-408. DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.12.012

3. N. Ali, A. Hussain, R. Ahmed, W N. Wan Shamsuri, Y.Q. Fu, Synthesis and characterization of copper antimony tin sulphide thin films for solar cell applications, Appl. Surf. Sci. 390 (2016) 393-398. DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.08.136.

4. A. Hussain, R. Ahmed, N. Ali, A. Shaari, J.T. Luo, Yong Qing Fu, Characterization of Cu3SbS3 thin films grown by thermally diffusing Cu2S and Sb2S3 layers, Surf Coat Technol. Surface and Coatings Technology 319 (2017) 294-300.· April 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.04.021.

5. Jin Cui, Pengfei Li, Kun Cao, Dan Li, Junbo Han, Yan Shen, Mingying Peng, Yong Qing Fu, and Mingkui Wang, Phosphor coated NiO-based planar inverted organometallic halide perovskite solar cells with enhanced efficiency and stability, Appl. Phys. Lett., 109 (2016) 4565838. DOI: 10.1063/1.4965838.

6. Hua Zhang, Lingwei Xue, Junbo Han, Yong Qing Fu, Yan Shen, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Yongfang Li, MingKui Wang, New Generation Perovskite Solar Cells with Solution-Processed Amino-substituted Perylene Diimide Derivative as Electron-Transport Layer, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, May 2016, 2016,4, 8724-8733 · DOI: 10.1039/C6TA03119F.

7. N. Ali, A. Hussain, R. Ahmed, M. K. Wang, C. Zhao, B. Ul Haq, Y.Q. Fu, Advances in nanostructured thin film materials for solar cell applications, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, 59, 726.

8. Chao Zhao, Jia Zhang, Yue Hu, Neil Robertson, P.A. Hu, D.Gibson, D.Child, Y.Q. Fu, Hydrothermal in-situ growth of hexagonal AlZnO/ZnO hybrid nanostructures for flexible dye-synthesized solar cells, Sci. Rep., 5 (2015) 17750, DOI: 10.1038/srep17750.

9. C. Zhao, D. Child, Y. Hu, N. Robertson, S.C. Wang, D. Gibson, Y.Q. Fu, Low temperature growth of hybrid ZnO/TiO2 nano-sculptured foxtail-structures for dye-sensitized solar cells, RSC Advances, 2014, 4 (105), 61153 – 61159.

10. T.T. Sun, J. M. Miao, R. M. Lin, Y. Q. Fu, The effect of baking conditions on the Ag paste adhesion, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cell, 85 (2005) 73-83.



Topic 7. Lab-on-chip and Microfluidics

1. T. D. Nguyen, V. T. Tran, Y. Q. Fu, and H. Du, Patterning and manipulating microparticles into 3D matrix using standing surface acoustic waves, Appl. Phys Lett., 112 (2018) 21, 213507. DOI: 10.1063/1.5024888.

2. C. Fu, A.J. Quan, J.T. Luo, H.F. Pang, Y. J. Guo, Q. Wu, W.P. Ng, X.T. Zu, and Y.Q. Fu, Vertical jetting induced by shear horizontal leaky surface acoustic wave on 36°Y-X LiTaO3, Appl. Phys Lett., 110 (17):173501 · April 2017, DOI: 10.1063/1.4982073.

3. J. T. Luo, N. R. Geraldi, J. H. Guan, G. McHale, G. G . Wells, Y. Q. Fu, Slippery Liquid-Infused Porous Surfaces (SLIPS) and Surface Acoustic Wave Droplet Transportation, Phys Rev. Appl. 7 (2017) 014017. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.7.014017

4. H. F. Pang, Y. Q. Fu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, S. Porro, J. K. Luo, X. T. Zu, F. Placido, J.I.B. Wilson, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, Effects of nanocrystalline diamond layer on the microfluidic performance of the surface acoustic wave devices, Microfluidics and Nanofludics, 15 (2013) 377–386.

5. Y. Li, Y.Q. Fu, S. Brodie, A. Mansuor, A. Walton, Enhanced microdroplet splitting, concentration, sensing and ejection by integration of electrowetting-on-dielectrics and surface acoustic wave, Biomicrofluidics, 6, 012812 (2012).

6. M. Alghane, B. X. Chen, Y. Q. Fu, Y. Li, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. I. Mohammed, and A. J. Walton, Effects of hydrodynamic nonlinearity in development of SAW acoustic streaming, Phys. Rev. E, 86, 056304 (2012).

7. M. Alghane, Y. Q. Fu, B. X. Chen, Y. Li, and A. J. Walton, Scaling effects on flow hydrodynamics of confined microdroplets induced by Rayleigh surface acoustic wave, Microfluidic and Nanofluidics, 2012, 13 (6), 919-927.

8. S. Brodie, Y.Q. Fu, Y. Li, A. Mansuor, A. Walton, Shear horizontal surface acoustic wave induced microfluidic flow, Appl. Phy. Lett., 99 (2011) 153704.

9. J. K. Luo, Y.Q.Fu, Y. Li, X. Y. Du, A. J. Flewitt, A. J. Walton, W. I. Milne, Moving-part-free microfluidic systems for lab-on-a-chip, J. Micromech. Micorengng., 19 (2009) 054001.

10. S.E. Ong, S. Zhang, H. J. Du, Y.Q. Fu, Fundamental principles and applications of microfluidic systems, Frontiers in Bioscience, 13 (7), 2008, p. 2757-2773.



Topic 7: Nanofabrication and nanopatterning: advanced manufacturing

1. Zhenlong Wang, Shuliang Dong, Yukui Wang, Xuelin Bai, Yong Qing Fu, Bin Guo, Jia Zhang, PingAn Hu, Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Robust Superhydrophobic Coating on Engineering Materials, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10 (2), pp 2174–2184., DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b16251.

2. D.Singh, L.Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q.Fu, T.Hassan, G.Shao and J.K.Luo, ZnO nanorod films synthesized by chemical solution deposition, J. Mater Chem. C, 1 (2013) 2515-2528.DOI: 10.1039/c3tc00873h

3. D.Singh, A.A.Narasimulu, L.Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q.Fu, N.Soin, G.Shao and J.K.Luo, Novel ZnO nanorod films by chemical solution deposition for planar device applications, Nanotechnology, 24 (2013) 275601.

4. Y.Q. Fu, A. Colli, A. Fassoli, J. Luo, et al, Deep-Reactive Ion Etching as a Tool for Nanostructure Fabrication, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Volume 27, Issue 3, pp. 1520-1526 (May 2009).

5. A. Colli, A. Fasoli, S. Pisana, Y.Q. Fu, P. Beecher, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, Nanowire Lithography on Silicon, Nano Lett. 8, 1358 (2008) 04-Apr-2008.

6. J. K. Luo, Y. Q. Fu, S. B. Milne, H. R. Le, J.A. Williams, S. M. Spearing, A.J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Applications of diamond and diamond like carbon in MEMS, J. Micromech. Microengng. 17 (2007) S147-S163.

7. Liu Y, Chen TP, Ng CY, Ding L, Zhang S, Y. Q. Fu, Fung S, Depth profiling of charging effect of Si nanocrystals embedded in SiO2: A study of charge diffusion among Si nanocrystals, J. Phys. Chemistry B. 110 (33): 16499-16502 AUG 24 2006

8. Y. Liu, T. P. Chen, C. Y. Ng, M. S. Tse, P. Zhao, Y. Q. Fu, S. Zhang, S. Fung, Random capacitance modulation due to charging/discharging in Si nanocrystals embedded in gate dielectric, Nanotechnology, 16 (2005) 1119-1122,

9. Liu Y, Chen TP, Zhao P, Zhang S, Fung S, Fu YQ, Memory effect of Al-rich AlN films synthesized with rf magnetron sputtering,APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 87 (3): art. no. 033112 JUL 18 2005.

10. Y. Q. Fu, H.J. Du, J. M. Miao, Preparation and patterning of diamond microstructures by bulk and surface micromachining, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 132/1-3, (2003) 73 – 81.



Topic 8. Hard-superhard coating, nanocomposite coating, Wear and tribology

1. Zhefeng Lei, Xiaodong Zhu, Yanhuai Li, Zhongxiao Song, Haiping Liu, Yong Qing Fu, Characterization and tribological behavior of TiAlN/TiAlCN multilayer coatings. J. Tribology, ASME, 140 (2018) 051301. DOI: 10.1115/1.4039723

2. Zhefeng Lei, Qingqing Zhang, Xiaodong Zhu, Dayan Ma, Fei Ma, Zhongxiao Song, Yong Qing Fu, Corrosion performance of ZrN/ZrO2 multilayer coatings deposited on 304 stainless steel using multi-arc ion plating Applied Surface Science 431 (2018) 170–176,

3. N. H. Faisal, R. Ahmed, S. Goel, Y.Q. Fu, Influence of test methodology and probe geometry on nanoscale fatigue mechanisms of diamond-like carbon thin film, Surface and Coatings Technology, 242 (2014) 42-53. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.01.015.

4. S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Toughness measurement of thin films: a critical review, Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 198 no. 1-3, 2005, 74-84. 

5. S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Toughening of hard nanostructural thin films: a critical review, Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 198 no. 1-3, 2005, 2-8.

6. S. Zhang, B. X. Lam, Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Magnetron sputtered hard a-C coatings of high toughness, Surface and Coatings Technology, 167/2-3 (2003) 137-142.

7. S. Zhang, D. Sun, Y.Q. Fu, H. J. Du, Superhard and surpertough nanocomposite coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology, 167/2-3 (2003) 113 – 119.

8. Y. Q. Fu, H. J. Du, C. Q. Sun, Interfacial structure, residual stress and adhesion of diamond coating on titanium, Thin Solid Films, 424/1 (2003) 107-114.

9. S. Zhang, Y.Q. Fu, H.J. Du, X.T. Zeng, Y.C. Liu, Magnetron sputtering of superhard nanocomposite TiCrCN coatings, Surface and Coatings Technology, 162 (2002) 42-48.

10. Y.Q. Fu, H.J. Du, C. Q. Sun, From diamond to crystalline silicon carbonitride: effect of introduction of nitrogen in CH4/H2 gas mixture using MW-PECVD, Surface and Coatings Technology, 160/2-3 2002, pp. 165-172.



Topic 9. Shape memory polymer and nanocomposites

1. Haibao Lu, Xiaodong Wang, Xiaojuan Shi, Kai Yu, Yong Qing Fu, A phenomenological model for dynamic response of double-network hydrogel composite undergoing transient transition, Composites Part B, 151 (2018) 148–153, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.06.011

2. Haibao Lu, Yingzhi Liu, Wei Min Huang, Changchun Wang, David Hui, Yong Qing Fu, Controlled evolution of surface patterns for ZnO coated on stretched PMMA upon thermal and solvent treatments, Composites Part B 132 (2018) 1-9. 10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.08.009.

3. Haibao Lu, Yingzhi Liu, Ben Bin Xu, David Hui, Yong Qing Fu, Spontaneous biaxial pattern generation and autonomous wetting switching on the surface of gold/shape memory polystyrene bilayer, Composite Part B 122 (2017) 9-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.04.004

4. Haibao Lu, Jinying Yin, Ben Xu, Jihua Gou, David Hui, Yongqing Fu,, Synergistic effects of carboxylic acid-functionalized carbon nanotube and nafion/silica nanofiber on electrical actuation efficiency of shape memory polymer nanocomposite, Composites Part B: Engineering, 100 (2016) 146-151.

5. M. Lei, B. Xu, Y. Pei, H.Lu, Y. Q. Fu, Micro‐mechanics of nanostructured carbon/shape memory polymer hybrid thin film, Soft Matt, 12 (2016) 106-114. DOI: 10.1039/c5sm01269d.

6. Haibao Lu, Ming Lei, Chao Zhao, Yongtao Yao, Jihua Gou, David Hui, Y.Q. Fu, Controlling Au electrode patterns for simultaneously monitoring electrical actuation and shape recovery in shape memory polymer, Composites Part B: Engineering, 80 (2015) 37–42, doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.05.039.

7. Haibao Lu, Xin Wang, Yongtao Yao, Jihua Gou, David Hui, Ben Xu, Y.Q. Fu, Synergistic Effect of Siloxane Modified Aluminum Nanopowders and Carbon Fiber on Electrothermal Efficiency of Polymeric Shape Memory Nanocomposite, Composite B, 80 (2015) 1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.05.035.

8. W. M. Huang, C.L Song, Y.Q. Fu, C.C. Wang, Y Zhao, H Purnawali, HB Lu, C Tang, Z Ding,JL Zhang, Shaping tissue with shape memory materials, Advanced Drug Delivery Review (ADDR), 65 (2013) 525-535.

9. WM Huang, B. Yang, and Y. Q. Fu, Book of “Polyurethane Shape Memory Polymers”, Tayler and Frances, page 296 in total, 9781439838006, 1439838003, May 25th, 2011.

10. B. Xu, Y.Q.Fu, M. Ahmad, J. K. Luo, W. M. Huang, A. Kraft, R. Reuben, Y. T. Pei, Z. G. Chen, J. Th. M. De Hosson, Thermo-mechanical properties of polystyrene-based shape memory nanocomposites, J. Mater. Chemistry, 20 (2010) 3442-3448.


Topic 10. Powder Metallurgy and sintering strategies of new materials

1. Chen, W., Feng, P., Dong, L., Liu, B., Ren, S., Fu, Y. Q,Experimental and theoretical analysis of microstructural evolution and deformation behaviors of CuW composites during equal channel angular pressing, Materials & Design, 142 (2018) 166-176.DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.01.032.

2. Hanyan Li, Wenge Chen, Longlong Dong, Yingge Shi, Jie Liu, Yong Qing Fu, Interfacial bonding mechanism and annealing effect on Cu-Al joint produced by solid-liquid compound casting, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 252 (2018) 795–803.

3. Yingge Shi, Wenge Chen, Longlong Dong, Hanyan Li, Yong Qing Fu, Enhancing copper infiltration into alumina using spark plasma sintering to achieve high performance Al2O3/Cu composites, Ceramic International, 44 (2018) 57-64, DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.09.062.

4. Wenge Chen, Longlong Dong, Jiaojiao Wang, Ying Zuo, Shuxin Ren, Yong Qing Fu, Synergistic enhancing effect for mechanical and electrical properties of tungsten copper composites using spark plasma infiltrating sintering of copper-coated graphene, Scientific Report, 7 (2017) 17836 , DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-18114-2.

5. Wenge Chen, Yingge Shi, Longlong Dong, Lijian Wang, Hanyan Li, YongQing Fu, Infiltration sintering of WCu alloys from copper-coated tungsten composite powders for superior mechanical properties and arc-ablation resistance, J. Alloy Compounds, 2017, 728 (2017) 196e205. DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.08.164.

6. Y.Q. Fu, C. Shearwood, Bin Xu, L.G. Yu, K. A. Khor. Characterization of spark plasma sintered Ag nano-powders., Nanotechnology.21 (2010) 115707.

7. Y. Q. Fu, Y. W. Gu, C. Shearwood, J. K. Luo, A. J. Flewitt, W. I. Milne, Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powders for biological application, Nanotechnology, 17 (21): 5293-5298 NOV 14 2006.

8. C. Shearwood, Y. Q. Fu, L. G. Yu, K. A. Khor, Spark plasma sintering of nano-TiNi powders, Scripta Materialia, Vol 52/6, 2005, pp 455-460.

9. Y. W. Gu, Y. Q. Fu, Heat treatment and thermally induced crystallization of glass for glass-ionomar cements, Thermochimica Acta, 423 (2004) 107-112.

10. Y. Q. Fu, Y.W. Gu, H. J. Du, SiC whisker toughened Al2O3-(Ti, W)C ceramic matrix composites, Scripta Materilia, 44 (2001) 111-116.


Journal Editorial

•           Editorial Board member for Scientific Reports (Nature Group).

•           Associate Editor for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letter

•           Associate editor for the journal Applied Sciences, (

•           Editorial Board member for the journal Frontiers in Materials: (

•           Editorial Board member for the journal Sensors (,

•           Editorial Board Member for the  Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics

•           Editorial Board Member for the Open Surface Science Journal

•           Editorial Board Member for the Open Ceramic Science Journal

•           Editorial Board Member for International Journal of Metals

•           Associate Editor for Nanotechnology and Precision Engineering.

•       Guest editors for six special issues of International Journals including Thin Solid Films, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letter, Sensors, Polymers, Applied Science, and Surface and Coating Technology

Major Conference Organization/Chairmen

  • Organization Committee Member and session chair in International Conference on Acoustofluidics 2018, University of Lille, France, 25th to 28th August, 2018.
  • Organization Committee Member and Session Chair in 5th International Conference on Materials Science and Smart Materials 2018, University of West of Scotland, Glasgow, UK, 7th to 10th August, 2018.
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member in International Conference on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2018, Shen Zhen, July 12th to 14th, 2018.
  • Symposium Chair for Symposium A: Coating for Sustainable Energy, in TACT 2017 International Thin Films Conference, HuaLien, Taiwan, 15th to 18th Oct 2017.
  • Co-chair at the 2017 International Workshop on Laser and Ion Beams Interactions with Materials (LIBIM 2017), Chengdu, China, June 18-21, 2017
  • Co-chair at 1st International Symposium on Microfluidics and Smart Microsystems, and 7th International Symposium on Physics of Fluids (7th ISPF), 5-8 June 2017, Guiyang, Guizhou, China.
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member in International Conference on Advanced Materials, Oct 20th to 23th 2016, QingDao, China.
  • Organization International Committee Member in International Conference on Surface Engineering 2016, Chengdu, China, Oct 22th to 25th 2016.
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member in International Conference on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2016, Singapore, July 12th to 14th, 2016.
  • Symposium Co-chair, Symposium on environmental sensors, 2016 International Conference on Materials Science and Engineering, Dresden, Germany, 23-26 Aug, 2016.
  • Organization Committee members in The 4th International Symposium on Rare Earth Resource Utilization; and The 7th International Symposium on Functional Materials, ISRERU-4 & ISFM-7, Aug 16th 19th 2016, ChangChun, China.
  • Co-organizer for The 3rd Nanoscience, Nanotechnology Youth Scientists Forum (2016), Xi'an, China, 23th-25 th Sep. 2016
  • Co-Chair, organization Committee Member and Invited Talk in Second International Symposium on Laser beam and ion beam processing of materials, Chengdu, China, July 8th to 10th 2015.
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member, Invited Talk in International Conference on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2014, Chongqing, China, July 20th to 24th, 2014.
  • Co-Chair, organization Committee Member and Invited Talk in International Conference on Nuclear Physics and implanation processing, Chengdu, China, Dec 14th to 18th, 2014.
  • Organization Committee Member in 2nd International Workshop on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2013, Chongqing, China, July 10th to 13th, 2013.
  • Organization Committee Member in International Symposium on Ion beam, electron beam and laser beam in optical and photonic systems, Chengdu, China, July 14th to 18th, 2013.
  • Organization Member and Plenary invited talk, special lectures and session chairman in 5th International Symposium on Functional Materials, Dec 17-20, 2012, Perth, Australia.
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member in International Conference on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2012, Singapore, July 10th to 13th, 2012.
  • Organization Committee Member in 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering (SMN2011), 11-13 Nov 2011, Shenzhen, P. R. China.
  • Organization Committee Member in 6th China International Conference on Surface Engineering, Xi’an, China, 10-13 May 2011. 
  • Symposium Chair and Organization Committee Member in International Conference on Advanced Thin Films and Surface Coatings 2010, Harbin, China, July 11th to 14th 2010.


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