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Dr Alexandra Hall

Senior Lecturer

Department: Social Sciences

Prior to joining Northumbria, Alex was a Research Associate and then Senior Research Lecturer at Teesside University (2013-17). During this time she undertook international instructor training at the Inside-Out Training Institute at Pendle Hill, Pennsylvania before working as part of the team that designed and delivered Teesside’s first Inside-Out Prison Exchange Programme at HMP Holme House.

Alex is an active member of the British Society of Criminology. She is Chair of the North East Branch and sits on the steering committee of the Critical Criminology Network. You can also find her Academia.


PhD Sociology (passed without corrections), Northumbria University.

MA Politics and International Political Economy, University of Manchester.

BA (Hons) Politics (1st Class), Northumbria University.

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

Alex is a critical criminologist with research interests that extend across the social sciences. Previous projects have explored such wide-ranging themes as the methods and motivations of suppliers and consumers of counterfeit medicines online, techniques of financial management among cocaine traffickers and illicit tobacco traders, and the changing nature of the British Pakistani honour/shame complex. Her work is global and comparative and makes use of integrated theoretical frameworks and innovative qualitative, ethnographic and online methodologies. She has a strong commitment to cross-disciplinary and cross-sector collaborative work and to moving research findings beyond academia into the policy and practice arenas.

Alex is currently working on a number of research and writing projects. She is CI on an ESRC/AHRC project that examines the financial aspects of the trade in counterfeit goods, focusing particularly on UK-China flows. This will culminate in a book to be published by Policy Press in 2018 titled Fake Goods, Real Money. She is undertaking an ethnographic study of the market in cosmetic enhancement technologies in a post-industrial urban space and writing up a related theoretical piece on human enhancement drugs and late-capitalist subjectivity. She is also working on publications from her doctoral research that seek to contribute to work on diaspora and the culture-politics-economy nexus. In future, Alex will continue her research on the production, distribution and consumption of illicit goods around the globe. She also has a growing interest in visual methods that will inform this work.

Substantive areas of expertise include:

  • Crime and the Global Political Economy 
  • 'Organised Crime' and Illicit Markets (counterfeit goods, pharmaceutical, psychoactive, and performance and image enhancing drugs)
  • Crime and Deviance Online
  • Counterfeiting and Intellectual Property Crime
  • Consumer Culture
  • Contemporary Criminological Theory
  • Critical Social and Cultural Theory (Bourdieu, Transnationalism, Intersectionality, the Frankfurt School)
  • Migration and South Asian Diasporas
  • Anthropological and ethnographic studies of honour and shame
  • Critical International Political Economy (Marxism, Neo-Gramscianism, Cultural Political Economy)
  • Political Ideologies
  • Qualitative and Online Research Methods (particularly ethnography)

Alex welcomes enquiries from potential PhD candidates in any of the areas above. 

Key Publications

Antonopoulos, G.A., Hall, A., Large, J., Shen, A., Crang, M., Andrews, M. (2018) Fake Goods, Real Money: The Counterfeiting Business and its Financial Management. Bristol: Policy Press.

Antonopoulos, GA., Hall, A., Large, J., and Shen, A. (guest editors) (2018) ‘Counterfeiting’. Special Issue of Trends in Organized Crime. New York: Springer.

Hall, A., Koenraadt, R. & Antonopoulos, GA. (2017) ‘Illicit pharmaceutical networks in Europe: Organising the illicit medicine market in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands’. Trends in Organized Crime, doi: 10.1007/s12117-017-9304-9.

Hall, A. and Antonopoulos, GA. (2017) ‘“Coke on tick”: Exploring the cocaine Market in the UK through the lens of financial management’. Journal of Financial Crime. 24 (2), doi 10.1108/JFC-07-2015-0037.

Hall, A., and Antonopoulos, GA. (2016) Fake Meds Online: The Internet and the Transnational Market in IllicitPharmaceuticals. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Antonopoulos, GA. and Hall. A. (2016) ‘Gain with no pain’: Anabolic-androgenic steroids trafficking in the UK’. European Journal of Criminology, 13 (6), pp. 696-713.

Antonopoulos,GA. and Hall, A. (2016) ‘The financial management of the illicit tobacco trade in the United Kingdom’. British Journal of Criminology, 56 (4), pp. 709-728.

Antonopoulos, GA., Di Nicola, A., Dzhekova, R., Hall, A., Levi, M., Rusev, A. and Terenghi, F. (eds.) (2015) The Financing of Organised Crime. Sofia: Centre for the Study of Democracy.

Hall, A. and Antonopoulos, GA. (2015) ‘License to pill: Illegal entrepreneurs’ tactics in the online trade of medicines’, in van Duyne, P.C., Maljevic, A., Antonopoulos, G., Harvey, J., and von Lampe, K.(eds.) The Relativity of Wrongdoing: Corruption, Organised Crime, Fraud and Money Laundering in Perspective. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers.

Hall, A. (2014) ‘'Honour' Crime’, in Davies, P., Francis, P., and Wyatt, T. (eds.) Invisible Crimes and Social Harms. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Current/Recent Projects

‘The Financial Aspects of the Trade in Counterfeit Products: An Exploratory Study’ (PI G.A. Antonopoulos, Co-I A Hall, J Large, A Shen, M Crang) ESRC/AHRC PaCCS Trans-National Organised Crime Cross-disciplinary Innovation Grant. 2016-17.

‘Evaluation of the Emergency Medical Response Pilot’ (PI A Lloyd, Co-I A Hall) Institute for Local Governance. 2016.

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Lifestyle Drugs and Late Capitalism, Hall, A. 27 Jul 2019, Deviant Leisure, Palgrave
  • The (Online) Supply of Lifestyle Medicines, Hall, A., Antonopoulos, G. 1 Jul 2019, Human Enhancement Drugs, Routledge
  • Counterfeit goods fraud, Antonopoulos, G., Hall, A., Large, J., Shen, A. 4 Jun 2019, In: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
  • Writing Up and Presenting Criminological Research, Hall, A. Sep 2018, Doing Criminological Research, London, UK; Thousand Oaks, California; New Delhi, India; Singapore, SAGE
  • Fake Goods, Real Money, Antonopoulos, G., Hall, A., Large, J., Shen, A., Crang, M., Andrews, M. 11 Apr 2018
  • An introduction to the special issue on ‘counterfeiting’, Antonopoulos, G., Hall, A., Large, J., Shen, A. Dec 2017, In: Trends in Organized Crime
  • Illicit pharmaceutical networks in Europe: organising the illicit medicine market in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, Hall, A., Koenraadt, R., Antonopoulos, G. Dec 2017, In: Trends in Organized Crime
  • “Coke on Tick”: exploring the cocaine market in the UK through the lens of financial management, Hall, A., Antonopoulos, G. 5 Feb 2017, In: Journal of Financial Crime
  • The Steroids Black Market in the United Kingdom, Antonopoulos, G., Hall, A. Dec 2016
  • Fake Meds Online, Hall, A., Antonopoulos, G. 10 Nov 2016


Sociology PhD July 30 2014

PGR Supervision

Nicholas Gibbs Start: 01/10/2018


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