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Dr Craig Warren

Vice Chancellor’s Senior Research Fellow in Future Engineering

Department: Mechanical and Construction Engineering

I carry out fundamental and applied research on sensing technologies for infrastructure and geophysical applications.

I joined Northumbria University in June 2017 following 7 years at The University of Edinburgh in which I held Teaching Fellow and Research Fellow roles.

I hold degrees in Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (BEng (Hons), 2003), and Civil Engineering (Ph.D., 2009) from The University of Edinburgh.

I have a specific interest in computational modelling and optimisation of electromagnetic (EM) sensing systems, such as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR).

I am lead developer of open-source software - gprMax - which simulates electromagnetic wave propagation. It is the most widely used software for modelling GPR, and is also used for a diverse range of other applications in industry and academia.

I was a workgroup project leader in COST Action TU1208 “Civil Engineering Applications of GPR”.

I am a Chartered Engineer (CEng), Fellow of The Higher Education Academy (FHEA), and a member of both the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE), and the Institution of Engineering Technology (IET).

I am also a petrol-head and wannabe rock drummer.

Campus Address

117 Wynne Jones Building

0191 227 3633


CEng, MIMechE, MIET, FHEA, PGCert, PhD, BEng (Hons)

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

  • Infrastructure sensing and monitoring
  • Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)
  • Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) techniques for civil and geophysical applications
  • Electromagnetic forward and inverse numerical modelling
  • Software engineering – with specific focus on sustainable software development, parallelisation, and General-Purpose Computation on Graphics Hardware (GPGPU)
  • Engineering education, and technology enhanced learning

Sponsors and Collaborators

I collaborate with a variety of academic and industrial partners, some of which include:

  • Sensors and Software Inc., Canada
  • IFSTTAR, France
  • Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany
  • The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
  • Roma “Tre” University, Italy
  • Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Russia
  • Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), UK
  • University of Edinburgh, UK
  • University of Manchester, UK
  • Google Fiber, USA
  • University of Texas at Austin, USA

Current and Recent Projects

  • Google Fiber, USA (2016-2017, $250k) – the principle aim of the project was to enhance gprMax simulation software to enable machine learning algorithms for the automatic detection and identification of buried infrastructure.
  • Dstl, UK (2014-2015, £50k) – the principle aim of the project was to develop a framework for modelling the electromagnetic properties of soils using different mixing laws and models.

Key Publications and Outputs

Poljak, D., Cvetković, M., Bottauscio, O., Hirata, A., Laakso, I., Neufeld, E., Reboux, S., Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A., & Costen F., 2017, “On the use of Conformal Models and Methods in Dosimetry for Non-Uniform Field Exposure“, IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 10.1109/TEMC.2017.2723459, Impact factor (2016): 1.658

Warren, C., Sesnic, S., Ventura, A., Pajewski, L., Poljak, D., & Giannopoulos A., 2017, “Comparison of Time-Domain Finite-Difference, Finite-Integration, and Integral-Equation Methods for Dipole Radiation in Half-Space Environments”, Progress in Electromagnetics Research M, 57, 175-183, 10.2528/PIERM17021602

Warren, C. & Giannopoulos, A., 2017, “Characterisation of a Ground Penetrating Radar Antenna in Lossless Homogeneous and Lossy Heterogeneous Environments”, Signal Processing, Special Issue on Ground Penetrating Radar Signal Processing, 132, 221-226, 10.1016/j.sigpro.2016.04.010, Impact factor (2016): 3.110

Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A., & Giannakis I., 2016, “gprMax: free software to simulate electromagnetic wave propagation for Ground Penetrating Radar”, Computer Physics Communications, 209, 163-170, 10.1016/j.cpc.2016.08.020, Impact factor (2016): 3.936

Warren, C. & Giannopoulos, A., 2015, “Experimental and Modeled Performance of a Ground Penetrating Radar Antenna in Lossy Dielectrics”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Special Issue on Advances in Ground Penetrating Radar Research and Applications, 9(1), 29-36, 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2430933, Impact factor (2016): 2.913

Giannakis, I., Giannopoulos, A., & Warren, C., 2015, “A Realistic FDTD Numerical Modeling Framework of Ground Penetrating Radar for Landmine Detection”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Special Issue on Advances in Ground Penetrating Radar Research and Applications,9(1), 37-51, 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2468597, Impact factor (2016): 2.913

Warren, C., 2014, “MATLAB for Engineers: Development of an online, interactive, self-study course”, Engineering Education, 9(1), 86-93 10.11120/ened.2014.00026

Tran, A.P., Warren, C., André, F., Giannopoulos, A., & Lambot, S., 2013, “Numerical Evaluation of a Full-wave Antenna Model for Near-field Applications”, Journal of Near-Surface Geophysics, 11(2), 155-165, 10.3997/1873-0604.2012052, Impact factor (2016): 1.293

Warren, C. & Giannopoulos, A., 2011, “Creating Finite-Difference Time-Domain models of commercial Ground-Penetrating radar antennas using Taguchi's optimization method”, Geophysics, 76(2), G37-G47, 10.1190/1.3548506, Impact factor (2016): 2.391

Further Information

My Google Scholar profile is available here

My Research Gate profile is available here


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