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Dr Thomas Raymen

Associate Professor

Department: Social Sciences

Thomas Raymen

Research Themes and Scholarly Interests

I am an ultra-realist criminologist and co-founder of the deviant leisure research network. To-date, my research has focused upon the social harms that emerge at the intersection of commodified leisure and consumer capitalism, publishing on issues around violence, gambling, consumerism, social media, tourism and environmental harm, parkour and freerunning, urban space and crime control. My research interests span the fields of criminology, leisure studies, psychoanalysis, moral and political philosophy, cultural geography and urban studies. I am currently dedicated to developing a theory of social harm rooted in a post-liberal ethics.

Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • “It’s the Attraction of Winning That Draws You In”—A Qualitative Investigation of Reasons and Facilitators for Videogame Loot Box Engagement in UK Gamers, Nicklin, L., Gordon Spicer, S., Close, J., Parke, J., Smith, O., Raymen, T., Lloyd, H.,  Lloyd, J. 13 May 2021, In: Journal of Clinical Medicine
  • Gambling and harm in 24/7 capitalism: Reflections from the post-disciplinary present, Raymen, T., Smith, O. 23 Jan 2020, Crime, Harm and Consumerism, London, Routledge
  • Lifestyle gambling, indebtedness and anxiety: A deviant leisure perspective, Raymen, T., Smith, O. 1 Nov 2020, In: Journal of Consumer Culture
  • Deviant Leisure: Criminological Perspectives on Leisure and Harm, Raymen, T., Smith, O. 8 Oct 2019
  • Deviant Leisure: A Critical Criminological Perspective for the Twenty-First Century, Raymen, T., Smith, O. Mar 2019, In: Critical Criminology
  • Lifestyle Gambling in Accelerated Culture, Raymen, T. 2019, Deviant Leisure, Palgrave Macmillan
  • The Enigma of Social Harm and the Barrier of Liberalism: Why Zemiology Needs a Theory of the Good, Raymen, T. Mar 2019, In: Justice, Power and Resistance
  • The Paradox of Parkour: Conformity, Resistance and Spatial Exclusion, Raymen, T. 2019, Deviant Leisure, Palgrave Macmillan
  • Deviant Leisure: A Criminological Perspective, Raymen, T., Smith, O. 1 Feb 2018, In: Theoretical Criminology
  • Living in the end times through popular culture: An ultra-realist analysis of The Walking Dead as popular criminology, Raymen, T. 1 Dec 2018, In: Crime, Media, Culture

Professional Activity


  • Sociology PhD January 11 2018
  • Research Methods MA September 16 2013

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