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Are you looking for a degree that combines the study of history and politics with 21st-century employability? At Northumbria we offer a high level of academic rigour as well as thorough training in analytical skills.

Core modules provide a grounding in both history and politics as well as the links between them. Optional modules offer considerable flexibility to pick and choose from a range of periods and themes: from the later Roman Empire to the politics of oil and global warming.

100% of History and Politics students say that they are satisfied overall with their course (National Student Survey, 2016).

The course teaches transferable skills, with options for work placement as well as a period of study abroad. The first year emphasises the acquisition of research and communication skills, the second employability and project management, and the third independent learning through a research project of your choice.

Northumbria has just launched its first MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) exploring the fascinating history and culture of the American South from colonial times to the 21st century.

Experience for free Northumbria's excellence in teaching and research with the University's Institute of Humanities, all from your own home.

Click the image to find out more.

 

Are you looking for a degree that combines the study of history and politics with 21st-century employability? At Northumbria we offer a high level of academic rigour as well as thorough training in analytical skills.

Core modules provide a grounding in both history and politics as well as the links between them. Optional modules offer considerable flexibility to pick and choose from a range of periods and themes: from the later Roman Empire to the politics of oil and global warming.

100% of History and Politics students say that they are satisfied overall with their course (National Student Survey, 2016).

The course teaches transferable skills, with options for work placement as well as a period of study abroad. The first year emphasises the acquisition of research and communication skills, the second employability and project management, and the third independent learning through a research project of your choice.

Northumbria has just launched its first MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) exploring the fascinating history and culture of the American South from colonial times to the 21st century.

Experience for free Northumbria's excellence in teaching and research with the University's Institute of Humanities, all from your own home.

Click the image to find out more.

 

Course Information

UCAS Code
LV21

Level of Study
Undergraduate

Mode of Study
3 years full-time or 4 years with a placement (sandwich)/study abroad

Department
Humanities

Location
Lipman Building, Newcastle City Campus

City
Newcastle

Start
September 2019

Department / Humanities

Our Department of Humanities includes the subject areas of History, English Literature, English Language and Linguistics, Creative Writing and American Studies.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

With a large number of staff who are researchers in history and politics, you will learn from experts. According to the National Student Survey 2015, 100% of our students said that Northumbria staff make the subject interesting, while 93% agreed that their tutors were good at explaining course material.

Our staff are not only teaching their specialist subjects but also writing textbooks and adding new knowledge and perspectives to our understanding of the past and contemporary politics.

Northumbria is ranked in the top 20 in the UK for research power in history, according to the 2014 Research Excellence Framework.



Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

Your tutors will use a variety of teaching methods including lectures, small-group discussions and individual tutorials. These will be supported by regular feedback and consultation hours during which you can discuss your progress with a personal tutor and ask further questions. We make sure that extensive feedback from tutors and peers is built into the course.

Our assessment strategy is designed to support student-centred learning, based on our understanding that everyone has different needs, strengths, and enthusiasms. Assessments will develop your communication skills while also testing your grasp of the learning outcomes for each module. Assessment methods will include debates, oral presentations, essays, portfolios of work and a final-year dissertation.

A wide range of option modules are offered on this course. To ensure the quality of the student learning experience, some modules are subject to minimum and maximum student numbers.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

We are using a variety of electronic resources to support your studies, for instance by posting guidance and lecture materials on the ‘Blackboard’ eLearning Portal and by making core readings available online. The academic team is always looking to find new ways to facilitate interaction, and this includes the use of mobile technology and social media.

The 24/7 University Library achieves some of the highest levels of student satisfaction in the UK and has held the Cabinet Office accreditation for Customer Service Excellence since 2010. There are over half a million print books and half a million electronic books available online. Further facilities are available at the Institute for the Humanities, in the University’s Lipman Building. These include a resource room, specialist computing equipment and interview rooms. Students also have access to a designated Humanities Student Hub in the Lipman Building, providing space for self-study, group work or a rest in between teaching sessions.

Humanities Facilities

We use a variety of electronic resources to support your studies, for instance by posting guidance and lecture materials on the ‘Blackboard’ eLearning Portal and by making core readings available online. The academic team is constantly experimenting with new ways of facilitating interaction, including the use of mobile technology and social media. The 24/7 University Library achieves some of the highest levels of student satisfaction in the UK and has held the Cabinet Office accreditation for Customer Service Excellence since 2010. It has excellent digital resources with over 100 databases for independent learning as well as half a million electronic books and another 500,000 print books. Further facilities are available at the Institute for the Humanities, a special research space in the University's Lipman Building. These include a resource room, specialist computing equipment and interview rooms. Students also have access to a designated Humanities Student Hub, providing space for self-study, group work or a rest in between teaching sessions.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

At Northumbria your learning will be directly impacted by the teaching team’s passion for the past, as well as their professionalism and enthusiasm for engaging with primary documents. Their research is fundamental to the University’s distinctive learning experience.

In each year of the course, we will develop your research skills as you critique different interpretations of the past, formulate questions, and develop coherent arguments. In the final year you will undertake a dissertation on a topic that you negotiate with tutors. It is a test of academic maturity that will enable you to demonstrate independent learning, intellectual rigour, and self-directed purpose.

 

Research / Humanities

This richness and breadthis underpinned by a strong research culture. In both History and English, ourbooks and articles were ranked in the top 20 for their subject groups in the2014 Research Excellence Framework. This research culture is embedded in allour teaching, with full-time academics teaching students from day one.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

During the second year of the course you will have the chance to undertake a work placement in an institution such as a museum, archive, heritage site, or comparable employer. This will give you an awareness of how the skills of historical study can be applied professionally.

You will also have the opportunity to spend a semester in North America or Europe, continuing your historical studies in a new context. You can study a foreign language to assist with this, or travel to broaden your cultural horizons. An international outlook will give you an extra edge in the job market.

Every module will play a role in developing and reinforcing the transferable attributes that are necessary for graduate employment: effective time management, excellent communication, good teamwork and high level analysis.

 

Student Life

A great social scene can be found at the heart of our campuses, featuring award-winning bars and a huge range of clubs and societies to join you'll be sure to meet people who share your enthusiasms.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

History and Politics graduates are especially valued because of their transferable communication skills and the way they evaluate evidence and think critically. You can use your degree as a platform to launch a career in areas such as finance, law, journalism and the civil service. There are also jobs in museums and archive management, or you can also consider becoming a professional researcher by studying further at the postgraduate level.

Whatever you decide to do, you will have strong employability as a result of having acquired the characteristics of a Northumbria graduate. These include critical reflection and self-learning, collaboration and curiosity, and the ability to apply your knowledge to solve problems in ways that are sustainable and ethical.

Book An Open Day / Experience History and Politics BA (Hons)

Visit an Open Day to get an insight into what it's like to study History and Politics. Speak to staff and students from the course and get a tour of the facilities.

Course in brief

Who would this Course suit?

If you have a passion for the past, and are fascinated with political thought, government institutions, and systems of law, then this course is for you.

Entry Requirements 2019/20

Standard Entry

GCSE Requirements:

A good GCSE profile is expected including Maths and English Language at minimum grade C or equivalent.  If you have studied for a new GCSE for which you will be awarded a numerical grade then you will need to achieve a minimum grade 4.

UCAS Tariff Points:

120-128 UCAS Tariff points including one or more of the following:

GCE and VCE Advanced Level:

From at least 2 GCE/VCE A Levels

Edexcel/BTEC National Extended Diploma:

Distinction, Distinction, Merit

Scottish Highers:

BBBBC - BBBBB at Higher level, BCC - BBB at Advanced Higher 

Irish Highers:

ABBBB  - AABBB

IB Diploma:

120-128 UCAS Tariff points including minimum score of 4 in at least three subjects at Higher level

Access to HE Diploma:

Award of full Access to HE Diploma including 18 units at Distinction and 27 at Merit

Qualification combinations:

The University welcomes applications from students studying qualifications from different qualification types - for example A level and a BTEC qualification in combination, and if you are made an offer you will be asked to achieve UCAS Tariff points from all of the qualifications you are studying at level 3.  Should the course you wish to study have a subject specific requirement then you must also meet this requirement, usually from GCE A level.

Plus one of the following:

  • International/English Language Requirements:

    Applicants from the EU:

    Applicants from the EU are welcome to apply and if the qualification you are studying is not listed here then please contact the Admissions Team for advice or see our EU Applicants pages here https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/international/european-union/eu-applications/

    International Qualifications:

    If you have studied a non UK qualification, you can see how your qualifications compare to the standard entry criteria, by selecting the country that you received the qualification in, from our country pages. Visit www.northumbria.ac.uk/yourcountry

    English Language Requirements:

    International applicants are required to have a minimum overall IELTS (Academic) score of 6.0 with 5.5 in each component (or approved equivalent*).

    *The university accepts a large number of UK and International Qualifications in place of IELTS. You can find details of acceptable tests and the required grades you will need in our English Language section. Visit www.northumbria.ac.uk/englishqualifications

Fees and Funding 2019/20 Entry

UK/EU Fee in Year 1**: £9,250

International Fee in Year 1: £15,000

ADDITIONAL COSTS

There are no Additional Costs

FUNDING INFORMATION

Click here for UK and EU undergraduate funding and scholarships information.

Click here for International undergraduate funding and scholarships information.

Click here for UK/EU undergraduate tuition fee information**.

Click here for International undergraduate tuition fee information.

Click here for additional costs which may be involved while studying.

Click here for information on fee liability.

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Modules Overview

Modules

Module information is indicative and is reviewed annually therefore may be subject to change. Applicants will be informed if there are any changes.

HI4003 -

The Making of Contemporary Europe (Core, 20 Credits)

This module will enable you to learn about the emergence of contemporary Europe by surveying the continent’s history from the 18th century to the present. Its thematic overview of the history of Europe and its relationship with the non-European world, will provide you with an introductory knowledge and understanding of global developments. It covers key issues in the social, economic and political transformation of Europe during this period, dwelling on events in Britain and Europe where necessary, but always maintaining an international perspective. You will be encouraged to think in terms of European development as a whole, and not in terms of discrete national histories, and to make comparisons between different parts of the continent, often on a regional rather than a national basis. Many of the important events which are often seen to be rooted in a particular national considerations are nevertheless are also part of broader contexts which transcend national boundaries. For example, the collapse of the old aristocratic order, profound long-term upheavals in the international economy, the spread of communist ideology, and the rise of fascism, to name but a few.

More information

HI4006 -

Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe 1200-1720 (Core, 20 Credits)

You will be introduced to the history of late medieval and early modern Europe from 1200 to 1720, and to a variety of topics including the interaction between Jews, Muslims, and Christians, the growing power of the monarchies of England, France, and Spain, and the development of print culture. You will engage with broader themes in medieval and early modern history, such as rural and urban society, the economy, religion, gender, culture, warfare and state formation, and voyages of discovery, and follow these comparatively across period and place. You will also learn about the different types of source material used by historians of this period of European history, such as medieval court records, state documents, popular literature, and visual images.

More information

HI4007 -

Making History (Core, 20 Credits)

History is not only characterised by knowledge and understanding of past developments, but also by a broad range of skills and methods that are directly applicable to academic research. Within this wider context, this module will give you a firm grounding in the skills and methods needed for the study of history, introducing you to a range of source materials from a broad chronological spectrum. In so doing, the module explores traditions in criticism and explains the ways in which sources can be read and utilised. The module is structured along four ‘core skills’ blocks (Studying & Presenting History, Approaches to History, Researching & Interpreting History, and Feedback and Careers) which progress logically from each other and provide students with ample opportunities to engage with how historians make history. The first block introduces you to the study of History, specifically the questions of what a historian does, why society values historians, and the key skills of historians. The block also develops skills in three areas: (1) writing history; (2) reading history; (3) presenting history. The second block examines key approaches to the study of the past and allows you to demonstrate the skills gained in block one. Block three concentrates on how to find primary sources, how to read them, and how to deploy them in written work. The final block introduces you to careers in and beyond History, and asks you to reflect on your progress over the year. You will develop a critical capacity to scrutinize sources and interpretations of the past.

More information

IR4002 -

Democrats and Dictators (Core, 20 Credits)

How can we distinguish between democratic and non-democratic regimes? How does the nature of the political system affect the dynamics of rule, representation, accountability and participation in democratic regimes? Similarly, how can we differentiate between non-democratic regimes and how do we explain their existence? How and why do some countries seek to democratise? Why do these efforts succeed in some cases but fail in others? These are the core questions that you will consider on this module, which is organised around four main topics: the conceptualisation of democratic and non-democratic regimes; political systems in democratic countries; the categorisation and governance of non-democratic regimes, and democratisation, paying attention to the role of domestic and international forces. Each of these topics is further underpinned by the themes of rule, representation, accountability and participation, which you will also explore in modules at levels 5 and 6.

More information

IR4005 -

Thinking Globally (Core, 20 Credits)

In this module you will be introduced to, understand and analyse patterns and processes of political globalization and the role of different actors that contribute to political globalization. Actors include the nation-state, non-state actors (including environmental and human rights NGOs, multinational corporations, terrorist networks), international organizations, and sub-national units. You will learn how these different actors interact to create complementing and competing processes in a globalizing world. Thematic areas that you will study include: international law, global governance, human rights, development, inequality, global commons, global democracy, and global activism.

More information

IR4006 -

Thinking Politically (Core, 20 Credits)

The aim of the module is to introduce students to the main thinkers, ideas and debates within political philosophy and political theory. The module differentiates between the different branches of politics (i.e. political economy, political philosophy and theory, and political science) before examining the debates about human nature; the nature of society without government; the arguments for and against democracy; justifying the existence of the state and state rule; liberty; equality; how to produce and distribute the goods and services that society needs and desires; and social justice. Furthermore, it links these debates – and the ideas and theories that inform them – to a range of contemporary political ideologies and assesses the impact of these upon politics and society more generally.

More information

YC5001 -

Academic Language Skills for Humanities & Social Sciences (Optional, 0 Credits)

Academic skills when studying away from your home country can differ due to cultural and language differences in teaching and assessment practices. This module is designed to support your transition in the use and practice of technical language and subject specific skills around assessments and teaching provision in your chosen subject. The overall aim of this module is to develop your abilities to read and study effectively for academic purposes; to develop your skills in analysing and using source material in seminars and academic writing and to develop your use and application of language and communications skills to a higher level.

The topics you will cover on the module include:

• Understanding assignment briefs and exam questions.
• Developing academic writing skills, including citation, paraphrasing, and summarising.
• Practising ‘critical reading’ and ‘critical writing’
• Planning and structuring academic assignments (e.g. essays, reports and presentations).
• Avoiding academic misconduct and gaining credit by using academic sources and referencing effectively.
• Listening skills for lectures.
• Speaking in seminar presentations.
• Presenting your ideas
• Giving discipline-related academic presentations, experiencing peer observation, and receiving formative feedback.
• Speed reading techniques.
• Developing self-reflection skills.

More information

AD5011 -

Humanities Study Abroad (60 credit) (Optional, 60 Credits)

The Study Abroad module is a semester based 60 credit module which is available on degree courses which facilitate study abroad within the programme. You will undertake a semester of study abroad at a European University under the ERASMUS+ exchange scheme or at an approved partner University elsewhere. This gives you access to modules from your discipline taught in a different learning culture and so broadens your overall experience of learning. The course of study abroad will be constructed to meet the learning outcomes for the programme for the semester in question, dependent on suitable modules from the partner and will be recorded for an individual student on the learning agreement signed by the host University, the student, and the home University (Northumbria). The module will be assessed by conversion of graded marks from the host University and, where appropriate, complementary activities as agreed between the student and module tutor.

Learning outcomes on the year-long modules on which the student is unable to attend the home institution must be met at the host institution, and marks from the host are incorporated into the module as part of the overall assessment.

More information

AM5001 -

The San Francisco Bay Area (Explorations in American Studies II) (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module will introduce students to the concept of ‘place’ within an American Studies framework. It explores a particular geographical site (for example, a neighbourhood, a city, or a state) in North America, or a geographically bounded zone which incorporates part of North America (for example, the Pacific Rim, the Caribbean), from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. The module provides students with a nuanced understanding of the ‘place’ in question and of its broader significance within the American Experience. It encourages students to analyse and engage with the interdisciplinary nature of American Studies. The specific case study may change in any given year but the aims, outcomes and outline structure of the module will remain the same. Indicative topics include: the San Francisco Bay Area; the South; the Rust Belt; Harlem; the Mississippi River; the Atlantic World.

More information

HI5003 -

American Frontiers: The West in US History and Mythology (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module will provide you with an overview of the social, political and cultural development of the US West, including its transformations as both a place and a myth in the American imagination. Within a broad chronological and interdisciplinary framework, this module will challenge you to examine key themes within U.S. Western history and culture: race, gender, violence, and popular culture. Topics include white-Native American relations and conflicts, agricultural settlement, mining booms, vigilantism, cowboys in film and literature, and overseas expansion to Hawaii and Alaska. You will have the opportunity to engage with and evaluate key interpretations and debates in the scholarship on the U.S. West.

More information

HI5005 -

America in the 1960s (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module offers you the opportunity to study the domestic social, cultural, political, and economic history of the United States during the “long 1960s” (roughly 1956-1974). Interdisciplinary in approach the module allows you to examine a range of secondary and primary sources – including television, literature, music, film and visual culture – that illuminate the history and culture of the US during this period. The module also encourages you to consider the perils and advantages of dealing with the 1960s as a discrete historical period, involves you in some of the most important scholarly debates in the field, and asks you to consider how the decade has been remembered and misremembered in popular consciousness by exploring later cultural representations and political uses of the 1960s. Key topics include the Cold War and Vietnam; consumerism; the civil rights and black power movements; national and local politics; science, technology and the environment; youth culture; gender and sexuality; identity politics; regionalism; the New Left and the Counterculture; conservatism and the New Right; mass media and popular music.

More information

HI5009 -

Your Graduate Future (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module aims to ensure that you will be equipped with employability-related skills appropriate to graduates of History and associated degrees. The module adapts to your interests, whether you choose to pursue postgraduate study, enter the job market seeking graduate level employment, or establish your own enterprise. One of the purposes of Your Graduate Future is to raise your awareness of the wide range of possibilities, and to equip you with the knowledge, the skills and the experiences that may enable you to respond effectively to future opportunities. In semester 1 you will attend lectures and participate in seminars that will present the intricacies of contemporary job seeking in different sectors. These will include guest lectures. You will then work with a group of your peers on an outward-looking project that will enable you to display your specific skills, to establish and nurture internal and external contacts, and to express your interests in a public outcome of your choice. In semester 2, you will develop your CV and further explore your evolving skillsets by means of engaging on your choice of work experience, volunteering, enterprise planning or a placement abroad. These will take the shape of supported independent activities. Assessment consists of a group project with a public outcome, an individual report reflecting on the scholarly basis of your project and your assessment of the process, and a placement report (at the end of semester 2).

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HI5011 -

The Female Experience in Pre-Industrial Europe (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn how different scholars have conceptualised and written about the experiences of women across Europe in the period 1400 to 1800. You will use a thematic rather than a chronological approach. English, Scottish, Irish and Welsh, as well as European women’s lives will be examined in order to explore comparative experience. You will study topics including female identity, relationships including lesbianism and masterless women, childbirth and surrogacy, female radicalism, early women proto-capitalist traders, women and madness, gossips and slanderers, reputations and gender control, women’s writing, scientific women, early modern feminists, and women with power. You will make use of theoretical approaches to the structuring of women’s and gender history. You will move from a critical assessment of the male-centred nature of writing to female-centred writing. You will use appropriate primary sources and artefacts. This will equip you to think critically about academic literature, primary sources and historical interpretation.

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HI5014 -

From Reconstruction to Reunification: Europe, 1945-1991 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn about the problems that Europe faced at the end of the Second World War and the factors that led to the economic boom of the post-war years. These developments will be placed in the context of the struggle between the rival socio-political ideologies of liberalism and communism and the emergence of new social movements in Europe between 1945 and 1991. The module deals with the era of extended military and political confrontation between the main rival socio-political systems which defeated fascism and the eruption onto the world stage of 'new social forces' such as feminism and Third-World nationalism. It covers the key developments in European politics and society as well as Europe's relationship with the wider world during the period.

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HI5020 -

Inquisition and Discovery: Myths and Realities of Late Medieval Spain (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will acquire in-depth knowledge about the Spanish late medieval period, with all of its captivating myths and influential realities. You will become critically familiar with exciting passages of universal history, including the end of the Reconquest (with the rise of the Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of Jews and Muslims), the discovery of America, often referred to as an “encounter” of civilisations, and the development of the modern world from an Iberian perspective. You will explore the concepts of religious persecution and clash of civilisations, establishing the links between the political role of the Catholic Church and the development of a “new” continent in America from 1492. Moreover, you will gain an expert understanding of coexistence and conflict between Muslims, Jews and Christians in Spain, and between indigenous civilisations and conquistadores in the New World. You will learn about Spain’s Christian and Imperial mandates and about the discovery of America and the development of the New World by using a wide range of translated primary sources, which will include, amongst many others, the archives of the Spanish Inquisition and Christopher Columbus’s logbooks and letters. You will also be able to evaluate the role of propaganda (Black Legend and White Legend) when assessing your own perceptions about the key events that took place in the late medieval Hispanic world, and how these changed universal history forever.

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HI5024 -

Radical Britain: Politics, Society and the Left, 1789-1951 (Optional, 20 Credits)

You will learn about the history of radical and left-wing political culture in Britain from the debate over the French Revolution to the downfall of the reforming Labour government in 1951. You will engage with the dynamics of radicalism, charting its evolution, shifting meanings and internationalist (or lack of) connections. The emphasis of the module is on ideas and activism: you will consider evolving concerns and campaigns of radicals in Britain, focusing on particular on the concepts of power, revolution and reform from the French Revolution to the fall of the Labour government in 1951. Among the radical thinkers you will encounter on this module are Thomas Paine, Keir Hardie and George Orwell.

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HI5025 -

Imperial Britain: The Empire in British Politics, Society and Culture, 1783-1982 (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module looks at how the possession of empire shaped British culture and society from the abolition of slavery through to the Falklands conflict of 1982. Over this period the Empire saw bouts of expansion and contraction, but at its peak in the early twentieth century the empire covered around 25% of the earth’s land surface and encompassed around 458 million people, or one-fifth of the world’s population. But how did British people ‘at home’ engage with this empire? What do they know about it, how did it shape their lives, and how was the empire taught, marketed and publicised? These are just some of the questions that we shall ask in this module.

In recent years’ historians have bitterly debated the extent to which the empire impacted on British society, politics and culture. Some have said that the empire was a class act and that 80% of the population were kept in ignorance of it. On the other side of the debate are those that say that empire was everywhere in British culture; indeed, empire was so familiar that people hardly had to mention it. This module looks at the ways in which empire shaped political debate, social lives, and British culture. In addition to covering major political debates and incidents – such as the abolition of slavery, the Boer War and the Falklands conflict of 1982 – the module will also look at how empire shaped national and gender identities in mainland Britain. Dramatic moments when the empire did actually ‘come home’ will be analysed: this will involve a study of the onset of immigration with the arrival of the first West Indian communities on the Empire Windrush in 1948.

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HI5026 -

The Middle Ages on Film: Violence, Gender and Race (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn about how medieval violence is depicted on film (such as Game of Thrones and Gladiator) and how far it accurately reflects or the realities of life in the Middle Ages. It will also explore how twentieth-century governments (including Stalin’s government) have used depictions of medieval warfare for political purposes.
The module moves on to explore how modern films have depicted relations between Muslims and Christians. We will examine movies such as Kingdom of Heaven and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves to explore how films have stereotyped Muslims to arouse either hostility or sympathy. It will also examine how recent films about the Crusades have dealt with Christian-Muslim relations in the aftermath of 9/11, as well as the ways in which medieval religious intolerance has been represented in films such as The Da Vinci Code and how historians have responded to these depictions.
The final part of the module explores how filmmakers have portrayed gender on film. In particular, women are frequently depicted in highly sexualised ways in films and TV programmes which draw on medieval imagery. We will also explore how modern ideas about medieval women are represented in films about witchcraft (The Black Death and The Seventh Seal), as well as exploring how filmmakers depict medieval women who transcended their gender such as Joan of Arc who led armies into battle (Joan of Arc: The Messenger).

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HI5027 -

Enlightenment to Empire: France in an Age of Revolution, 1715-1815 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will explore French history during a century of revolutionary political and cultural change, from the death of the ‘Sun King’ Louis XIV in 1715 to the fall of Napoleon at Waterloo. You will assess and analyse how, in the space of less than one hundred years, France transformed itself from the quasi-feudal society of the ‘Old Regime’ to a republic built on the revolutionary principles of liberty, equality and fraternity. You will examine key aspects of this transformation, such as the Enlightenment and the influence of its ideas, the nature of Old Regime society, the origins of the Revolution of 1789, the so-called ‘Reign of Terror’, and the rise to power of Napoleon Bonaparte. In addition, you will evaluate gender and race in these events by studying the role of women in the French Revolution and the impact of revolutionary ideas in France’s colonies. Throughout the module, you will also assess the varied and sometimes conflicting historiographical approaches to the French Revolution. Learning about France in the age of revolution will enable you to think critically about the relationship between different forces of change – political, economic, social and cultural – during historical periods of upheaval and transformation.

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HI5029 -

Political Animals: Philosophers, Ideas and Ideals in the Ancient World (Optional, 20 Credits)

You will learn about major ideas, debates and figures in the history of political thought. The module considers the interaction between ideas and social reality in the ancient world, with a particular focus on Greece and Rome. You will engage with major political thinkers across space and time, such as Plato, Aristotle and Augustine, all of whom grappled with profound topics concerning politics, such as human nature, the possibility of life without government, justifications for the state, the social contract, liberty, equality, democracy, social justice, and the role of community in society. You will be encouraged to reflect on how political concepts have been subject to historical change and to assess the impact of ideas in particular national and international contexts.

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HI5032 -

Land of Rivers, Land of Coal: Making and Breaking Industrial North-East England, 1770-1990 (Optional, 20 Credits)

By the 1880s, the River Tyne estuary was the largest coal exporter and the largest centre of ship repair in the world. The tonnage of the port’s vessels exceeded even that of the River Thames, accounting for an incredible one ninth of the UK’s total shipping tonnage. Yet, astonishingly, only a century later, in 1980, the MV Lindo was the last ship to receive coal from Dunston Staiths. This module makes sense of historical discontinuity, contextualising the dramatic and fast-paced making and breaking of the region’s industrialisation. You will follow the awe-inspiring story of how north-east England utilised its fortunate natural resources, notably its navigable rivers and voluminous coal deposits, to become a powerful and influential driver of wider industrialisation both nationally and internationally. You will analyse in depth how a closer engagement with key elements of the natural environment enabled north-easterners to develop their trade and industry successfully and to invent globally game-changing scientific and engineering innovations, notably George Stephenson’s locomotive (1814). Organised thematically, and introducing you to the sub-discipline of environmental history, the module focuses on a different natural resource each week (stone; lead; peat; rivers; coal; fish; salt; steam; and iron), to reconnect the region’s dramatic story of the making and breaking of its industrial might to key elements of its natural environment. Consequently, you will understand in depth the large extent to which the region’s industrialisation was underpinned by a closer, rather than a remoter, relationship between humans and the environment.

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HI5033 -

Civilians and the Second World War (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module, you will learn about the civilian experiences of total warfare during the period of the Second World War (bearing in mind that exact dates of conflict and occupation vary from nation to nation). The class will take an international comparative approach, examining civilian experiences not just on the British ‘Home Front’ but also experiences in America, Germany, Japan, the Soviet Union as well the states under enemy occupation. The module will take a thematic rather than nation based approach to this area of study. Topics including bombardment, childhood, gender, work and labour, domestic life, internment, occupation, collaboration and resistance will all be explored internationally and comparatively. You will engage with a broad range of historical debates and concepts as well as engaging with a wide variety of primary materials including state propaganda, film, radio broadcasts, oral testimony, diaries, memoirs and archival material. This will equip you to think critically about both historiography and primary sources.

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HI5034 -

Setting America Right: Conservatism in the United States, 1933 - 2016 (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module will explore the history of conservatism in the United States of America from the 1930s to the present day. Beginning with opposition to Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal, this module will trace the evolution of American conservatism through the era of Republican presidents Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, and all the way up to the emergence of Donald Trump and the ‘alt-right’. At the heart of this module is a simple question: did the U.S. ‘turn right’ during the twentieth century? In answering that question, you will grapple with the fundamental issue of what it means to be a ‘conservative’ in America and how that label has been used and fought over in different eras and contexts.

You will learn about developments in high politics and at the grassroots, and gain an understanding of conservative movements both within and without the Republican Party. As well as learning about crucial events in recent U.S. political history (such as Barry Goldwater’s transformational 1964 presidential campaign), you will learn about the ways that conservatives revolutionised the nation’s political culture, pioneering innovative electoral techniques such as direct mail and constructing formidable conservative media outlets like Fox News. The module is organised in a broadly chronological way, but you will also explore key themes and movements that span decades, such as the religious right, anti-feminism, and ‘colour-blind’ conservatism.

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HI5035 -

Divisive Pasts: Legacies of Conflict and Oppression in the 20th and 21st Centuries (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module concerns the ongoing force and power of history: how the past shapes the politics of the present and is deployed in contemporary political conflicts and challenges. It fuses history with politics and culture and will require you to think expansively about differing ways that nation-states negotiate a troubled and/or violent past. The module covers five case studies of countries which have dealt in differing ways with the legacy of conflict: modern South Africa (1994-), post-Franco Spain (1975-), Northern Ireland since the Good Friday Agreement (1998-), post-Second World War Germany (1945-), and Brazil since the end of the military dictatorship (1985-).

Each case study receives two weeks’ focus in lectures and seminars, granting the basics in understanding each example and the ways in which the violence and divisions of the past might be overcome (or not). It will help you consider themes of memory and the divergent ways in which history is commemorated or simply ignored. Similarly, you will consider the efficacy and value of ‘Truth Commissions’ – the contribution of an ‘honest broker’ (or outside perspective) – along with the ways in which debates and disputes at the past take place through culture or literature. Overall, this module will develop your interdisciplinary skills in combining history, politics and culture with the ongoing vibrancy of the past; how it can be understood and interpreted differently, and whether the official political sphere helps or hinders in the process.

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HI5036 -

On Her Own Account: Being an Independent Woman in Britain, 1800-1920 (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module gives you the opportunity to combine a critical analysis of the existing historiography with your own research to challenge contemporary understandings of what it meant to be a woman in Britain during the ‘long’ nineteenth century. Beginning with a close examination of the legal status of married and unmarried women in Britain (noting the separate legal systems that existed for Scotland and Ireland), you will identify the opportunities that should have been available to women. You will then use sources including census returns, maps, probate records, trade directories, advertisements, court records, newspapers and BMD records to construct a series of case studies of women and places. In doing so, you will demonstrate (1) the extent to which women did exercise their political, social, economic and cultural agency; (2) how their socio-economic and marital status affected these opportunities; and (3) how these opportunities changed over the course of the period.

You will also identify the limitations that women (particularly women of colour and women of lower economic status) faced before and after 1920, and consider how these limitations have been represented by the historiography. In addition to this, you will consider more broadly how the historiography of women’s history in modern Britain has developed, and how this has shaped our understanding of the past.

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HI5037 -

Globalising Worlds: Objects, People and Ideas, 1600–1800 (Optional, 20 Credits)

We all live in a globalised world: we get our Italian coffee from an American chain, wear Japanese-designed clothing that was made in India, keep pets that originated in South America or Australia, travel across the world for holidays, and keep in touch via communications equipment that was produced in China (with material from African mines). We know Brazilian football stars and Caribbean dances. What happens in one corner of the world affects us all, be that linked to investment, industrial production and trade, or to diseases, wars and natural disasters.

We often think of this as a modern phenomenon, or at least as something that only rose in the age of empire, steamboats and railways. This module helps you uncover earlier global connections. What would it have been like to consume goods such as Chinese tea, American cocoa and tobacco or Oriental coffee when they first arrived in Europe? When did Indian and Thai curries start to include the newly-discovered South American ingredients of chilli peppers and peanuts? How did people find out about exciting new foods, fashions, animals and medicines from the other side of the globe? What was it like to be forced to travel huge distances across the Ocean to end up a slave in the Caribbean or a prisoner in Australia? How did religious ideas or political beliefs spread across the world? And how did the global connections of the early modern world shape our world today? This module will help you answer these questions.

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IR5002 -

Chinese Politics (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will be introduced to, understand and analyse a range of issues within the field of Chinese Politics. The focus of the module is on domestic Chinese politics. I will be introduced to modern Chinese history starting from the Opium War in order to understand the historical path of China from an imperial to a communist state and the policies that led to China turning communist in 1949.

I will then learn in depth about the policies after 1949 to the present in order to understand the policies of the revolutionary government and the emergence of capitalist reform. Specifically, this will cover economic policies, social policies, environmental policies, ethnic policies, and towards the end of the module the emergence of China in the global political landscape.

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IR5003 -

Theories and Practice of Democracy (Core, 20 Credits)

What is a democracy? Are elections enough? How can democracy be improved in contemporary society? In this module you will be invited to challenge the traditional view that elections are sufficient for democracy. In doing so, you will explore theoretical and contemporary debates surrounding direct and indirect democracy, political representation and participation. Case studies will be used to explore themes such as citizen participation (e.g. Participatory budgeting, e-democracy, consultation, focus groups), non-electoral representation, partnership working, social capital and the big society in context of the so called shift from government to governance.

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IR5005 -

Global Governance (Core, 20 Credits)

In this module I will learn how international organisations enable and constrain the choices of governments and states; how they impact upon states and the lives of ordinary citizens. In particular, I will find out how the United Nations and the European Union are important within international politics, but also how membership of these organisations can have an impact upon specific countries and how they conduct their internal and foreign policies. I will learn about the various institutions that form the United Nations and the European Union, and key policy areas and practices of these organisations.

Topics covered in this module include:
1. United Nations institutions: General Assembly, Security Council, Secretary-General, ECOSOC, Trusteeship Council
2. United Nations policies & practices: collective security, development, human rights, environment
3. European Union institutions: Commission, Council, Parliament, Court of Justice. Also explore the significance of “other” European institutions (i.e. the ECHR)
4. European Union policies: including but not limited to economic and monetary union, justice and home affairs, common foreign and security policy

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IR5007 -

The UN, war and liberal interventionism (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will learn how the United Nations manages conflict and war around the world in its pursuit to achieve international peace and security. I will use tools of conflict analysis to investigate contextual dimensions and their interaction with the conflict management tools available to the UN. Case studies will provide me with examples to illustrate and as a means to use conflict analysis methods in-depth.

Topics covered on this module are likely to include:
• United Nations institutions
• Diplomatic measures
• Sanctions
• Collective security
• Traditional peacekeeping
• Wider peacekeeping
• Post-conflict peacebuilding
• Transitional administration
• Peacemaking
• Humanitarian intervention
• Responsibility to Protect

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IR5008 -

Theories of International Relations (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will learn how different scholars have thought about and conceptualised international relations. I will study the range of theories of International Relations, including the three main schools of Liberalism, Realism, Marxism and their variants, and post-structural and critical theories. Learning about the different ways in which we can see, understand and explain international relations will provide me with a better range of tools to form my own understanding and explanation of what I observe, study and read, and thus enhance my skills of critical analysis when engaging with academic literature but also when engaging with political events around the world.

Theories covered in this module will include:
• Neorealism, Neoliberal institutionalism, English School, Constructivism, neo-Marxism
• Critical theory, Postmodernism/Poststructuralism, Feminism, Postcolonialism, International Political Theory

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IR5009 -

UK Politics Beyond Westminster (Optional, 20 Credits)

On this module I will investigate the forms of sub-national and territorial governance within the UK. In doing so, I will address the question of whether recent developments beyond Westminster spell the end of the unitary state in the UK, mark the shift to a Federal system or even lead to the ‘Break up of Britain’. My understanding of such a fundamental political question will be enhanced by a strong historical focus on the evolution of decentralisation in the UK, a clear understanding of the conceptual and theoretical basis of decentralisation and devolution, and a wider comparative focus on decentralisation in nations other than the UK. The module will test a number of my assumptions about the nature of the British political system and give me a clear understanding of the new forces of nationalism, identity and distrust of Westminster that are beginning to reshape British Politics.

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IR5011 -

From Bastille to Strasbourg- A Journey through Human Rights (Optional, 20 Credits)

On this module you will explore human rights through three main themes: the philosophy of human rights, the implementation of human rights, human rights and globalisation.

In the ‘philosophy of human rights’ section, you will analyse the history of the concept of human rights and its critiques, starting with the first universal declaration in 1789.

In the ‘implementation of Human Rights’ section, you will critically analyse its gradual codification and legal implementation, at an international, European and national levels, and how real protection mechanisms were implemented after the Second World War, and critically evaluate its limitations. You will focus on three areas: the European Convention on Human Rights and the new rights acquired by European citizens to defend themselves against their own State; the rise of constitutional courts, focusing on the development of constitutional democracies as opposed to majority democracies and the frictions such a change has entailed, using France and Britain as case studies; the role the EU has played for the protection of human rights, starting from the So Lange case in Germany that forced the EU to become more attentive to Human Rights to an exploration of the four freedoms and finishing with an analysis of the European Charter of fundamental Rights.

In the ‘Human Rights and globalisation’ section you will examine the challenges human rights face in a globalised world by focusing on the universalist versus relativist debate on the one hand, humanitarian intervention and right to protect on the other.

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ML5001 -

Unilang - Languages for all - Level 5 Placeholder (Optional, 20 Credits)

The 20-credit yearlong Unilang modules (stages 1 – 5 depending on language) aim to encourage a positive attitude to language learning and to develop and practise the four language skills of speaking, listening, reading and writing introducing the basic/increasingly complex grammatical structures and vocabulary of the spoken and written language (depending on stage) and developing your ability to respond appropriately in the foreign language in spoken and written form in simple and increasingly complex everyday situations.

These modules also introduce you to the country and the culture of the country. In doing this, Unilang modules are intended to encourage and support international mobility; to enhance employability at home and abroad; to improve communication skills in the foreign language as well as English; to improve cultural awareness and, at the higher stages, to encourage access to foreign sources.

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YC5001 -

Academic Language Skills for Humanities & Social Sciences (Optional, 0 Credits)

Academic skills when studying away from your home country can differ due to cultural and language differences in teaching and assessment practices. This module is designed to support your transition in the use and practice of technical language and subject specific skills around assessments and teaching provision in your chosen subject. The overall aim of this module is to develop your abilities to read and study effectively for academic purposes; to develop your skills in analysing and using source material in seminars and academic writing and to develop your use and application of language and communications skills to a higher level.

The topics you will cover on the module include:

• Understanding assignment briefs and exam questions.
• Developing academic writing skills, including citation, paraphrasing, and summarising.
• Practising ‘critical reading’ and ‘critical writing’
• Planning and structuring academic assignments (e.g. essays, reports and presentations).
• Avoiding academic misconduct and gaining credit by using academic sources and referencing effectively.
• Listening skills for lectures.
• Speaking in seminar presentations.
• Presenting your ideas
• Giving discipline-related academic presentations, experiencing peer observation, and receiving formative feedback.
• Speed reading techniques.
• Developing self-reflection skills.

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AD5009 -

Humanities Work Placement Year (Optional, 120 Credits)

The Work Placement Year module is a 120 credit year-long module available on degree courses which include a work placement year, taken as an additional year of study at level 5 and before level 6 (the length of the placement(s) will be determined by your programme but it can be no less than 30 weeks. You will undertake a guided work placement at a host organisation. This is a Pass/Fail module and so does not contribute to classification. When taken and passed, however, the Placement Year is recognised in your transcript as a 120 credit Work Placement Module and on your degree certificate in the format – “Degree title (with Work Placement Year)”. The learning and teaching on your placement will be recorded in the work placement agreement signed by the placement provider, the student, and the University.

Note: Subject to placement clearance; this is a competitive process and a place on the module cannot be guaranteed.

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AD5010 -

Humanities Study Abroad Year (Optional, 120 Credits)

The Study Abroad Year module is a full year 120 credit module which is available on degree courses which include a study abroad year which is taken as an additional year of study at level 5 and before level 6. You will undertake a year of study abroad at a European University under the ERASMUS+ exchange scheme or at an approved partner University elsewhere. This gives you access to modules from your discipline taught in a different learning culture and so broadens your overall experience of learning. The course of study abroad will be dependent on the partner and will be recorded for an individual student on the learning agreement signed by the host University, the student, and the home University (Northumbria). Your study abroad year will be assessed on a pass/fail basis. It will not count towards your final degree classification but, if you pass, it is recognised in your transcript as a 120 credit Study Abroad Module and on your degree certificate in the format – “Degree title (with Study Abroad Year)”.

Note: Subject to placement clearance; this is a competitive process and a place on the module cannot be guaranteed.

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AM6003 -

States of Nature: An Environmental History of the Americas (Explorations in American Studies III) (Optional, 20 Credits)

Focusing on North and South America, this module examines the interaction between humans and the environment throughout history. We will discuss the ways in which various peoples experienced their environment: how they attempted to change it, how they were limited by it, and how they thought about nature. In doing so, we will consider historical change at several levels:

1. Material and ecological: the physical changes that humans in the American have wrought over the past 10,000 years.

2. Social and political: the connection between peoples’ use of the environment and the way in which American societies developed.

3. Intellectual and ideological: how individuals and societies have understood nature at various points throughout history and how this understanding has shaped their actions.

You will find out about the relationship between humans and nature in the period before European expansion in the Americas and, following on from this, you will consider the ecological impact of European colonialism. The module content covers human activities such as farming and mining, but also the impact of floods, hurricanes and climate change. You will consider the spread of cities, the role of their hinterlands and the creation of national parks. In the final sections of the module, you will examine the manifold impacts of consumer culture (including waste and pollution) as well as the rise of environmentalist movements that were critical of humans’ ecological footprint.

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HI6003 -

The Golden State: California (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module explores how California has developed as both a place and an idea in the American imagination, focusing on the transformative period from the 1840s to the 1960s. While historical, our approach will also be interdisciplinary, reflecting the ways in which cultural constructions and popular representations played a crucial role in California’s development. Visual culture and novels, advertisements, film, and music, will all be consulted at different points as key elements in the Golden State’s formation. Learning about the different ways in which we can see, understand and explain the development of California and the California Dream – including topics such as the Gold Rush, early Hollywood, and Japanese internment during the Second World War – will provide you with a better range of tools to understand region and identity in the United States. It will equip you to think critically about academic literature, primary sources, and historical interpretation.

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HI6004 -

The African American Freedom Struggle Since 1945 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this seminar-based module you will study the roots, trajectory, and legacies of the African American Freedom Struggle since 1945. Although the primary focus will be on the movement for racial justice in the US South between roughly 1954 and 1968, that history will be placed in longer chronological and broader national and international contexts. More specifically you will study the grass-roots activities of African Americans engaged in various forms of resistance and protest alongside the histories of the major civil rights groups – the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). You will interrogate their tactics, examine their often fraught relationships with each other, and assess their achievements and failures in the face of widespread resistance to racial change. You will examine the contributions of the extraordinary ordinary people at the heart of the struggle, as well as those of nationally prominent leaders such as Martin Luther King. In this module you will also analyse the relationship between the civil rights movement and the federal government, address the role of the media and popular culture in shaping both the history and popular understandings of the post-war Freedom Struggle, and examine the international coordinates and impact of the struggles.

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HI6007 -

Civil War and Reconstruction (Optional, 20 Credits)

You will learn about the causes, events, and results of the U.S. Civil War, a war which took over 620,000 lives; the bloodiest in American history. The Civil War and its aftermath are considered the dividing line between early and modern US history. The War ended the South’s dominance of American politics. It also led to three major constitutional amendments which ended slavery, defined American citizenship, and provided for African American votes respectively which still have implications in American life in the 21st century. The course begins in 1850 by looking at American sectionalism and how and why that caused the founding of the Republican party and the eventual secession of eleven southern states. It then examines the military aspects of the war and explores its social, political, economic, and diplomatic effects. The end of the term will be spent on the political and social aspects of the post-War period known as ‘Reconstruction.’ It will explain how American national identity became redefined during this tumultuous time, especially in popular memory around public commemorations, art, literature and film. You will also analyse the controversial historiography of this period throughout the semester.

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HI6010 -

Women, Crime and Subversion in Early Modern Europe (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn how different scholars have conceptualised and written about women, crime and subversion from 1400 to 1800. You will assess and analyse why and how tensions in the early modern period meant that authorities across Europe directed their attention upon women in specific ways. The influence of the Protestant reformation is examined in terms of its impact upon female behaviour. Female criminality and subversive behaviour will be examined through a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches, including feminist and gender theories. Key concepts at the fore of this module include witchcraft, petty treason, infanticide, female piracy, prostitution, adultery and fornication, lesbianism, the crime of cross-dressing, and women’s strategies in European court systems. You will move beyond areas classified as criminal to behaviour considered as subversive and deviant, such as domestic disorder. You will utilize a wide range of primary sources including court records, the Old Bailey legal records, assize court records and female testimonies from across Europe which will equip you to think critically about academic literature, primary sources and historical interpretation.

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HI6015 -

Where Have All the Good Times Gone? Crisis and Change in Western Europe, 1965-1987 (Optional, 20 Credits)

The module covers a period of massive upheavals. Economic growth, the vibrancy of pop culture and the rise of student radicalism mean that the 1960s are widely perceived as an era of dynamism and vitality. By contrast, the 1970s seemed to be a time of ‘diminished expectations’ (Tony Judt). Economic stagnation went together with social tensions; meanwhile, radical activists were disappointed that a wholesale transformation of society and not occurred. You will study these developments and also be able to trace them well into the 1980s. The module familiarises you with the latest research on these three decades.

Four countries are the main focus for this module: West Germany, France, Italy and Britain. Yet, you will also get the chance to study events in other countries (e.g. Spain, Portugal and Greece) and be encouraged to consider broader international patterns (e.g. regarding the Cold War, immigration, youth culture, the international links of political activists, debates about the environment).

The module addresses various crises: from ‘divided memories’ regarding the legacies of war and fascism to youth rebellions; from left-wing terrorism to fears of a nuclear Armageddon. While this may sound bleak, another strand considers more positive changes: an increasing willingness to question authority, the cultural explosion of the Sixties as well as the fall of dictatorships in southern Europe. As a whole, the module familiarises you with a range of important political debates while also drawing attention to films, music and social movements.

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HI6016 -

Italian Fascism (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn about the emergence, development and nature of fascism in Italy. It examines the history of Italy and the nature of Italian politics and considers the ways in which problems of Italian nationhood may have contributed to the rise of Fascism in that country. It looks at the origins and development of Fascism in Italy, the 'intervention crisis' of 1914-1915, and the various strands that made up Italian Fascism. It considers the manner in which fascist parties came to power, the myth of the 'March on Rome,' and the consolidation of Fascist Power, which took place after the Matteotti Crisis. The module covers key issues in the development of the Fascist regime in Italy including: Fascist mass organisations, the 'Fascist Style, and consensus coercion and resistance under the regime. It will enable you to engage with the various debates and questions of interpretation raised by the course.

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HI6017 -

An End to War? Peacemaking in Paris 1919 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn about the problems confronted, strategies adopted, and solutions posed by peacemakers at the end of the First World War. Representatives of more than thirty countries gathered in Paris in January 1919 to take part in, witness, or attempt to influence the post-war peace settlement. Delegations arrived and left, leaderships changed, treaties were negotiated and signed. The conference maintained a presence in Paris for a year, until the inaugural meeting of the League of Nations in January 1920. Post-war Europe presented the victorious powers with a bewildering array of territorial, economic and political problems to solve, and these problems were complicated further by the fluid military situation in many parts of Europe. We will explore the multitude of issues that affected post-war Europe through the prism of the decision-making processes in Paris. These issues included the rise of nationalist movements, the collapse of empires, the development and application of the idea of self-determination of nations, changing attitudes to European economic affairs, and ideas about the way international affairs should be conducted. We will also consider the Paris Peace Conference in the wider context of peacemaking, from peace congresses to the rise of summitry in the later 20th century. We will explore the ways in which the conference and the treaties have been assessed during the course of the twentieth century, and the ways they have been reassessed by historians in the 21st century.

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HI6019 -

British India, 1757-1857 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn how scholars have understood and represented the transformation of British rule in India from Clive of India’s victory at Plassey in 1757 to the Indian ‘Mutiny’ of 1857. While the module considers the major political transformations between these years—notably the emergence of the East India Company as a tax-gathering, sovereign ruler of territory—it also attends to changes in the spheres of cultural and social history, notably British perceptions of Indians, the transformation of home life in British India, and inter-racial relations. The nature and extent of these transformations has, of course, generated considerable (and often angry) disagreement among historians. The module will give you a sophisticated understanding of the oftentimes heated historiographical debates which have been generated by old questions about—for example—the nature of British rule, the relationship between Britons and non-Europeans, and the origins of the great event of the mid-nineteenth century, the 1857 ‘Mutiny’. You will assess how British and Company rule came about and what the long-term legacies of empire in India were. You will also be asked to do assessments that will equip you to think critically about academic literature, primary sources and historical interpretation.

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HI6020 -

'Europe's Greatest Killer: The Black Death, Ethnic Cleansing and Biological Warfare in the Late Medieval World' (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn how Europe was hit by a mass outbreak of plague known as the Black Death in the mid-fourteenth century. Waves of plague continued to strike Europe every 10-15 years until the disease disappeared in the eighteenth century. Its effects were devastating and it impacted on almost every aspect of European society. Plague was closely linked to war and famine, and the combined effects of all three frequently led to periods of crisis and discord in Europe. It begins by examining the use of plague as a weapon of biological warfare and its subsequent spread around Europe. A deep-seated fear that plague was being deliberately spread emerged throughout Europe. In particular, Jews were accused of deliberately poisoning wells with the plague virus and their communities across Europe were exterminated as a result. In addition, witches, lepers, prostitutes and minority ethnic groups were also persecuted for spreading plague. After considering the social tensions unleashed by the appearance of the Black Death, the module will move on to examine the ways in which European societies sought to cope with the disease, including developments in public health, sanitation and medicine. It will examine the ways in which different European states responded to plague (especially England, France and Italy), as well comparing and contrasting Christian and Muslim reactions.

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HI6022 -

Joint Honours Dissertation (Core, 40 Credits)

The dissertation gives you the opportunity to work on a sustained piece of research of your own (guided) choice and to present that research in an organised and coherent form in a major piece of writing. The module will teach you how to function as an independent researcher, learner and writer. The dissertation represents the culmination of your studies as a Joint Honours student. You will apply the skills developed in your earlier studies to a discrete body of primary sources, working upon a clearly defined topic. In designing and implementing your research project, you will draw on insights and approaches from both of the disciplines that from part of your degree. The dissertation will develop your research skills and allow you to work independently, drawing on the advice and guidance of a designated supervisor.

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HI6025 -

Northern Ireland: The 'Troubles' and the Search for Peace (Optional, 20 Credits)

You will learn about the origins, evolution and dynamics of one of Europe’s most recent – and deadly – intra-state conflicts. The ‘Troubles’ in Northern Ireland, 1968-98, was marked by their persistence and seeming intractability. With the paramilitary ceasefires in the 1990s, a new era opened; but difficulties remain in moving from a mere absence of violence to a genuine peace. You will examine the dynamics of violence and its impact on the politics and culture of Northern Ireland over a fifty year period, and the significant challenges posed to peace since the Good Friday Agreement of 1998.

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HI6026 -

Sex and the City: Urban Life in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module you will learn about the ‘Urban Renaissance’ in Britain during the long eighteenth century, the period 1660-1830, focusing on Edinburgh, York and London, as well as several smaller urban centres. You will learn why urban populations expanded in this period, and you will be invited to consider the social, economic, cultural, environmental and intellectual consequences of urbanisation. You will learn about how and why town planning, sanitation and urban governance changed in this period, as many cities underwent dramatic physical improvements and alterations to their infrastructure, layout and environment. You will learn how all of these changes reshaped urban inhabitants’ daily lives, their social interactions, the gendering of urban life, and their sensory experiences (i.e. taste, smell, touch and sound as well as sight). You will be invited to consider key changes over time, such as the rise of the middle class, the treatment of social ‘problems’ such as crime and poverty, changes to the meaning and experience of neighbourliness, and improvements to water supply, waste disposal and street cleaning. The module will place a strong emphasis on the environmental governance of the townscape, exploring the complex negotiations between the top-down methods used by urban councils (bylaws, street inspections and court fines) and the bottom-up self-governance of neighbours (such as petitions). Using an environmental history approach, the module will explore in depth how townspeople interacted with the bio-physical flows of water, blood, manure, urine, livestock, beer, foodstuffs and each other.

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HI6027 -

Barricades and Boulevards: Revolution, Culture, and Urban Life in Nineteenth-century Paris (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module examines the political, social and cultural history of Paris between 1815 and 1900. You will study different aspects of the history of nineteenth-century Paris – revolution, urban development, popular culture, and artistic life – through a range of primary sources, including contemporary artistic and literary representations of the city. You will assess and analyse the relationship between the city of Paris and political change during this period, with a particular focus on urban insurrection and revolution. You will also explore artistic movements such as Romanticism and Impressionism, as well as the rise of leisure and consumer culture and the urban development of the city, especially during the Second Empire (1852-1870). Throughout the module, you will investigate wider historical debates about urbanisation and the growth of the nineteenth-century European city. In looking at the history of nineteenth-century Paris – the ‘capital of the nineteenth century’, as the German theorist Walter Benjamin described it – from a range of perspectives, this module will enhance your knowledge and understanding of cultural and social approaches to history, and develop your ability to use interdisciplinary methodologies in your study of the past.

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HI6029 -

Mystics, Deviants and Satanists: Unorthodox Thinking in the Age of the Inquisition (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this final year module you will gain familiarity with the ideas of the ostracised, the disenfranchised, the heterodox, the rebels, the heretics, and, in general, those women and men who, often defiantly, thought outside the boxes of dogma, doctrine, and the socially, politically, and morally acceptable within the strictures of a very specific context: the Inquisition-dominated early decades of a global empire led by Catholic Spain.

In this course you will be able to explore the relevance of marginality, innovation, and challenging established ideas in the constant flux of changing tensions that determine the evolution of human civilisations. With a focus on the spiritually and socially scandalous, you will learn how groundbreaking and “dangerous” ideals and behaviours contributed to reshaping the canon of values that constitute and consolidate Western Civilisations during the Late Medieval and Early Modern periods. This will be illustrated by Spain’s example of coexistence, conflict and intersection between Christianity, Judaism and Islam, as well as by its attempt to build a coherent new Christian Empire made of diverse peoples.

With the invaluable help of fascinating resources such as translated archives of the Spanish Inquisition, treatises, chronicles, diaries, sermons, admonitions and “forbidden” books, you will be able to explore how women and men of very diverse backgrounds conspired against the official. They often sacrificed their own life in the process of proposing alternative ways of thinking and being in an unforgiving context of rampant orthodoxy and brutal repression and punishment of those who strived to be different.

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HI6030 -

Law and Order USA: Police, Prisons, and Protest in Modern America (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module will explore the history of ‘law and order’ politics (broadly defined) in the United States since 1900. You will learn about the creation of the law enforcement and judicial state at the federal, state, and local level (including, for instance, the establishment of the FBI and the rise of the carceral state), and the social movements that resisted and challenged that state. The module will cover such diverse topics as Prohibition, the Stonewall riot and the early LGBTQ movement, the prison reform and prisoners’ rights movements, the War on Drugs, anti-death penalty activism, and Black Lives Matter. This module will deal with fundamental questions of order and justice, how they have been contested in American society, and how they have intersected with issues of race, class, and gender.

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HI6031 -

Recording the Past: Making Your Own History Documentary (Optional, 20 Credits)

This module will appeal to anyone interested in telling stories. It will help you think about how your existing historical skills can be applied beyond university, while equipping you with experience of project management, team building, and working with a range of non-university stakeholders. This module gives students the opportunity to make their own short audio documentary. Students pitch, script, record, and edit their own documentaries using audio equipment and free, open-source, cross-platform audio software. Students will be given a broad theme (such as the 1970s and the Northeast of England) and will then generate a proposal and ‘pitch’ this to the class. Following selection, groups will then work on developing a script and identifying interviewees. Teams will produce their documentaries by dividing up the production responsibilities, so that students gain not only experience of teamwork but also of making a specific contribution to the project. Across the semester, the class will progress through the stages of pre- and post-production together week-by-week. Portable recording equipment will be made available and students will be (i) instructed on using industry-standard audio equipment; (ii) classes on ethics and oral history techniques; (ii) training on how to use editing software. At the same time, the class will both engage with relevant literature and listen to a range of audio documentary in order to better understand creative and production issues. The emphasis in this module will be both on the finished documentary but also on the process involved and the skills acquired along the way.

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HI6032 -

Men of War: Masculinities and Warfare in Britain 1914 -1945 (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module, you will explore the British male experiences of the First and Second World Wars, primarily through the lens of gender and masculinities. The module will examine the male experience in the broadest sense, looking not only at the experience of training, fighting and dying for Britain but also the experiences of various types of civilian men including those excluded from military service, civilian male workers and civil defence volunteers. The module will also examine the after effects of warfare by considering the experiences of those men who returned from war mentally and physically damaged as well as exploring the cultural legacies of the two world wars in Britain. This is a cutting-edge area of historical research. Therefore, you will be engaging with a growing and developing set of historical debates and ideas. Moreover, you will deal with a wide variety of primary materials including state propaganda, film, radio broadcasts, oral testimony, diaries, memoirs and archival material. This will equip you to think critically about both historiography and primary sources.

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IR6001 -

Active Citizens (Optional, 20 Credits)

Is there a crisis of governance in Britain and elsewhere? To what extent does the evidence suggest that democracy is in crisis today? These questions provide the starting point for this module. It encourages you to build upon the critical understanding of democracy and governance that you gained in Democratic Politics at level 5, but approaches the topic from a different perspective. Against this background, you will explore the range of different ways that citizens, particularly as part of organisations and global social movements seek to influence and, in some cases, challenge the state and/or market. In this respect, the concept of civil society and the dynamics of state, market and civil society relationship are central to this module. Using case studies, the module will consider themes such as the Anti-globalisation and anti-capitalist movement; the World Social Forum; the politics of pressure, lobbying and campaigning; think tanks; wealth, power and philanthropy; the role of trade unions and the politics of “everyday activism” and volunteering.

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IR6002 -

Critical Security (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will critically engage with the concept of security. I will especially be introduced to traditional and non-traditional concepts of security. This includes an engagement with traditional notions of security (i.e. state security) and the emergence and increasing political importance of non-traditional security (including, but not limited to, human security, comprehensive security, environmental security, food security, energy security, water security). I will critically evaluate the utility of traditional and non-traditional notions of security. Within the non-traditional security complex, I will examine the different types of security, including their differences and similarities, their usefulness, and through case studies and I will engage with their real-life application and global political relevance.

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IR6004 -

Genocide (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will analyse how ideas of genocide have evolved throughout the twentieth century. I will be encouraged to consider the political and legal consequences of genocides, and to engage with the socio/cultural/ethno/economic/religious explanations that some key thinkers have forwarded as being causal factors of genocide. I will also examine how policymakers have grappled with the problem of preventing and stopping genocides once they have begun.

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IR6005 -

Media Power and Propaganda (Optional, 20 Credits)

Most people find out about politics, and what is going on in the wider world, through the media. It is therefore critical to understand how the media functions in contemporary society. This module focuses upon the debate about the role of the media in liberal democracies: is it an independent check on the exercise of power or an instrument by which the powerful manipulate the masses? What is the impact of the media upon individuals: does it inform us or brainwash us? How are the Internet and other new technologies affecting individual’s ability to access alternative sources of information to the established media? What implications do these new media have for states that seek to direct, if not control, the public’s access to information? What role, if any, should propaganda play in a liberal democracy? Using concepts, such as power, and theories of media effects, media performance and interpersonal communication, students will be encouraged to engage with these fundamental questions.

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IR6006 -

Political Parties and Elections (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will learn about political parties and elections largely within the context of British politics. I will be introduced to debates about class and understand some of the reasons why class and voting are related. I will explore the contested question of the declining relevance of class politics. During this module I will learn how parties to the left and right of the political spectrum have responded to class issues. From the creation of the Labour Party and the decline of the Liberals to One-Nation Conservatism, Thatcherism and the rise of the far right. This module will provide me with an understanding of how class issues impacted recent general elections.

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IR6007 -

Politics of Oil and Global Warming (Optional, 20 Credits)

Two of the most important problems facing humanity are climate change and energy security. In terms of solutions, a number of very different approaches have been suggested that range from the technological to the radical; how we address and solve these problems is therefore political. This module highlights how energy and resource intensive the average Western way of life is and what this means for climate change and energy security; explores the debate about peak oil (i.e. the point at which cheap and easily accessible oil starts to run out) and considers its political implications; investigates how Western foreign policy has been influenced by the desire to access, if not control, energy sources (e.g. Middle Eastern oil); evaluates the debate about climate change and how politicians have, and could, respond; and assesses the debate about energy policy and how politicians have, and could, respond to the twin demands of tackling global warming while ‘keeping the lights on’.

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IR6008 -

Terrorism (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will analyse how ideas of terrorism have evolved throughout the twentieth century. This module offers me an opportunity to study in some depth the modern terrorism phenomenon and the methods currently being undertaken to counter it. I will focus essentially on two questions: what, exactly, is terrorism and what can be done about it?

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IR6009 -

Women in Politics and International Relations (Optional, 20 Credits)

In this module I will learn about the gendered nature of politics and the role of/for women in national and international politics. I will investigate where, i.e. in which institutions and roles women can be found around the world and the reasons for their absence or presence. I will study institutions such as parliament, government, foreign policy roles and international organisations.

Weeks 1-2: Introduction to the history and theory of feminism, the ‘woman’ question and gender
Weeks 3-11: descriptive and formal representation in national and international politics, comparing countries and regions; theories of access

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YC5001 -

Academic Language Skills for Humanities & Social Sciences (Optional, 0 Credits)

Academic skills when studying away from your home country can differ due to cultural and language differences in teaching and assessment practices. This module is designed to support your transition in the use and practice of technical language and subject specific skills around assessments and teaching provision in your chosen subject. The overall aim of this module is to develop your abilities to read and study effectively for academic purposes; to develop your skills in analysing and using source material in seminars and academic writing and to develop your use and application of language and communications skills to a higher level.

The topics you will cover on the module include:

• Understanding assignment briefs and exam questions.
• Developing academic writing skills, including citation, paraphrasing, and summarising.
• Practising ‘critical reading’ and ‘critical writing’
• Planning and structuring academic assignments (e.g. essays, reports and presentations).
• Avoiding academic misconduct and gaining credit by using academic sources and referencing effectively.
• Listening skills for lectures.
• Speaking in seminar presentations.
• Presenting your ideas
• Giving discipline-related academic presentations, experiencing peer observation, and receiving formative feedback.
• Speed reading techniques.
• Developing self-reflection skills.

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