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Responsible Tourism

Responsible tourism is about all stakeholders (that is producers and consumers of tourism) taking responsibility for the consequences of their actions. This involves mass tourism as well as more niche forms such as ecotourism, adventure and ‘alternative’ tourism.

Responsible Tourism positions tourism production and consumption ecologically in terms of how well it interacts with the natural, social and economic integrities of the destinations visited and in terms of the integrities of the business and travel processes that make those visits available to tourists.

Recent Research Projects

Professor Tom Mordue: Evaluation of the Impacts of Onshore Wind Farms on Tourism

This project was commissioned by Northumberland County Council and the Institute of Local Governance in 2014 to examine all available research on the impacts of wind farms on tourism in the UK in order to establish definitive, evidence-based conclusions on this important issue.

Dr Jaqueline Holland: The Understanding and Implementation of Responsible Tourism for UK Adventure Tour Operators

This 2014 Doctor of Business Administration thesis examined UK based, small to medium sized, tour operators operating in international markets to establish their approaches toward, and implementations of, responsible tourism practices in remote destinations in developed and developing countries.

Recent Publications

Aadland, E., Vikene, O.L., Varley, P. and Moe, V.F., (2017). Situation awareness in sea kayaking: towards a practical checklist. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 17:3, 203-215.

Apostolidis, C., and Hauessler, S. (2018). ‘Sea, sand and shadow economy - consumer acceptance of shadow hospitality in Greece,’ Hospitality & Society, 8:3, 205-227.

Brown, D and Wilson, S. (2020). “Climbing the Virtual Mountain: A netnography of the Sharing and Collecting Behaviours of Online Munro-Bagging” (2020) Routledge Series New Directions in Tourism Analysis “Emerging Transformations in Tourism and Hospitality” (Pending) ( How serious leisure sustains its communities on/offline)

Carnegie, E and Drencheva, A. (2019) Mission-driven arts organisations and initiatives: Surviving and thriving locally in a time of rupture, Special Issue, Art in a time of Rupture, Arts and the Market, 9:2, 178-187.

Carnegie, E and Kociatkiewicz, J. (2019) Occupying Whateverland: journeys to museums in the Baltic, Annals of Tourism Research, 75, 238-247.

Canovi M., Mordue, T, and Lyon, A. (2020). ‘The Impact of Wine Tourism Involvement on Winery Owners' Identity Processes’ Tourism Planning & Development. ISSN: 2156-8316 (Print) 2156-8324 (Online) Journal homepage:

De Jong, A., Palladino, M., Puig, R.G., Romeo, G., Fava, N., Cafiero, C., Skoglund, W., Varley, P., Marcianò, C., Laven, D. and Sjölander-Lindqvist, A., (2018). ‘Gastronomy Tourism: An Interdisciplinary Literature Review of Research Areas, Disciplines, and Dynamics,’ Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism, 3:2, 131-146.

De Jong, A. and Varley, P. (2018). ‘Food tourism and events as tools for social sustainability,’ Journal of Place Management & Development. 11:3, 277-295.

De Jong, A. and Varley, P. (2018) Foraging tourism: critical moments in sustainable consumption. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26:4, 685-701.

De Jong, A. and Varley, P. (2017) Food tourism policy: deconstructing boundaries of taste and class. Tourism Management 60, 212-222.

Groves, M. and Varley, P. (2020) Critical mountaineering decisions: technology, expertise and subjective risk in adventurous leisure. Leisure Studies. Forthcoming (accepted) February 2020.

Holland, J and Leslie, D. (2018) Tour Operators and Operations Development: Management and Responsibility. CAB: Wallington, UK.

Kennedy, S., MacPhail, A. and Varley, P. (2018). ‘Expedition (auto) ethnography: an adventurer-researcher’s journey,’ Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 19:3, 187-201, DOI: 10.1080/14729679.2018.1451757.

Mordue T., Moss A., and Johnston, L. (2020) ‘The Impacts of Onshore-Windfarms on a UK Rural Tourism Landscape: objective evidence, local opposition and national politics’. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. ISSN: 0966-9582 (Print) 1747-7646 (Online) Journal homepage:

Mordue, T. (2019) ‘The North East as a Tourist Destination: A hidden Gem or cultured Brand?’ in Liddle, J and J. Shutt (Eds) The North East After Brexit: Impact and Policy.  Emerald: Bingley. 105-116.

Mordue, T. and Wilson, S. (2018) ‘Angler and Fish Relations in the UK:  ethics, aesthetics and material semiotics’ in N, Carr and J, Young Eds. 'Wild animals and leisure: Rights and welfare' London: Taylor Francis.

Mordue T. (2017). ‘New urban tourism and new urban citizenship: researching the creation and management of postmodern urban public space’, International Journal of Tourism Cities, 3:1, 399-405.

Mordue, T. and Dennis, N. (2017). ‘Performing Jazz and the Jazz Constellation:  movements, moments and connections’, Marketing Theory 17:2, 241–257.

Mordue T. (2016). ‘Tourism, Urban Governance and Public Space’ Leisure Studies 26:4, reprinted in Timothy, D. (Ed) Tourism Planning Routledge: London

Mordue T. (2016). ‘Game-angling tourism: connecting people, places and natures’ International Journal of Tourism Research - special edition entitled: Place Management, Marketing and Nation Branding DOI: 10.1002/jtr.2003

Obrador, P., Vives, T. & Pich, M (forthcoming 2020) The renewal of festive traditions in Mallorca: ludic empowerment and cultural transgressions. In J. Kidwell and M. Nita (Eds.) Festival Cultures: Themes, Methodologies and Theoretical Approaches. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

Obrador P. (2020) A freegan pop-up Café: Embedding critical hospitalities into the curriculum. Hospitality & Society, 10 (1), 87-106.

Obrador P. & Vives, A. (2020). Festive traditions and Tourism in Mallorca: Ludic transgressions and the disruption of otherness. Tourist Studies, 20 (1), 120-141.

Obrador, P. (2017). The end of sustainability? A note on the changing politics of mass tourism in the Balearic Islands. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 9 (2), 205-208.

O’Reilly, D. and Doherty, K. and Carnegie, E. and Larsen, G. (2017) ‘Cultural memory and the heritagisation of a music consumption community’, Arts and the Market, Vol. 7 Issue: 2, pp.174-190

Pomfret, G. and Varley, P. (2019). ‘Families at leisure outdoors: well-being through adventure,’ Leisure Studies. 38:4, 494-508, DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2019.1600574.

Rantala, O., and Varley, P. (2019). ‘Wild camping and the weight of tourism’. Tourist Studies. 19:3, 295–312.

Wilson, S, (2018) The Nuclear Family Project- The Art of Touring the Toxic- Exhibition Catalogue & Online Publication. T2M Transport, Traffic & Mobility.

Wilson, S, & Hannam, K., (2017), ‘The Frictions of Slow Tourism Mobilities: Conceptualising Campervan Travel,’ Annals of Tourism Research, 67: 25-36.

Wilson-Youlden, L. and Bosworth, G. (2019). ‘Women Tourism Entrepreneurs and the Survival of Family Farms in North East England,’ The Journal of Rural and Community Development 14(3), 126–145

Varley, P., Schilar, H. and Rickly, J. (2020). ‘Tourism non-places: bending airports and wildscapes,’ Annals of Tourism Research. 80.

Varley, P., Farkic, J. and Carnicelli, S. (2018). ‘Hospitality in wild places,’ Hospitality & Society, 8:2, 137-157.


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