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Liam Ralph


Department: Social Sciences

Liam Ralph is a Criminology lecturer and teaches on Criminology and Policing degrees, as well as The Police Constable Degree Apprenticeship (PCDA). He is also currently working on an ESRC-funded Visible Policing project with Professor Mike Rowe (Northumbria University), Professor Andrew Millie (Edge Hill University), and Dr Matt Jones (The Open University). The project is in collaboration with four Police Services in England and Wales, and The College of Policing. Liam recently completed his PhD in June 2020 on police use of social media in Scotland as this involved identifying best practice. At the same time as doing his PhD, Liam undertook an internship with The Scottish Government and examined Scottish Crime and Justice Survey data on public confidence in the police and satisfaction during encounters.

His main research interests are: policing, police legitimacy, public confidence, technology, and social media

Futher Information about the ESRC Visible Policing project can be foud via the website (link)


Liam Ralph


Key Publications

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • The dynamic nature of police legitimacy on social media, Ralph, L. 8 Sep 2021, In: Policing and Society
  • It’s good to post: Revisiting the opportunities for police forces using social media, Ralph, L. 28 Sep 2020
  • Increasing communication and engagement through social media during a pandemic: a review and recommendations, Myles, H., Ralph, L. 26 Jun 2020
  • Developing police social media practices in Scotland in accordance with a citizen-focused and democratic policing approach, Ralph, L. 2019
  • Communication between the police and citizens via social media in Scotland, Ralph, L. 2017
  • Police use of social media: Empirical research is necessary, Ralph, L. 28 Apr 2016

Professional Activity

  • Please visit the Pure Research Information Portal for further information
  • Other: Written expert statement on new technologies and the application of law to the House of Lords Justice and Home Affairs Committee. 2021
  • Other: Written expert statement on possible issues arising from emerging technological developments in policing to the Independent Advisory Group on Emerging Technologies in Policing to Scottish Government 2021


  • Criminology PhD July 01 2020
  • Criminology MRes September 01 2015
  • Criminology BA (Hons) April 01 2014

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