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Infrastructure Sensing and Imaging

Caption: Detecting buried objects – electromagnetic wave propagation from a Ground Penetrating Radar (image courtesy of COST Action TU1208)The cost to the UK of inadequate infrastructure is estimated to be £2M per day, with 50% of our annual construction budget spent on maintenance and repair. A 2014 State of the Nation Infrastructure report by the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) found none of the infrastructure sectors analysed were ‘fit for the future’.

Our research focusses on addressing these challenges by improving the monitoring and maintenance of current infrastructure, whilst also developing enhanced and predictive sensing systems to be integrated into our next generation infrastructure.

Caption: Simulation using gprMax software – electromagnetic wave propagation in a complex heterogeneous environmentWe develop advanced numerical modelling tools to simulate electromagnetic sensing and imaging methods for surface and sub-surface infrastructure, such as buildings, bridges, roads, buried utilities, and soil characterisation.

One of our key research strengths is the development of the open source software gprMax, which simulates electromagnetic wave propagation for Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). gprMax is the most widely-used tool for simulating GPR with a diverse range of applications in academia and industry.

Postgraduate Opportunities

For more information and postgraduate opportunities, please contact Dr Craig Warren.



Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) system – Sensors & Software pulseEKKO system with a range of antennas (100MHz, 200Mhz, 250MHz, 500MHz, & 1GHz), Trimble DGPS, SmartCart


For more information and postgraduate opportunities, please contact Dr Craig Warren.

The involvement of undergraduate students in our research is part of our vision at Civil Engineering Heritage and Future. As well as using current research to inform our taught course modules, final year undergraduates have the opportunity to take part in research projects as part of their thesis work. Recent examples of final year projects include:

Future Engineering

Researchers within our Future Engineering multidisciplinary research theme are exploring what technologies will be heating our homes and driving our cars in 20 years time.

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Mechanical & Construction Engineering Staff

Our Mechanical & Construction Engineering students learn from the best – inspirational academic staff with a genuine passion for their subject. Our courses are at the forefront of current knowledge and practice and are shaped by world-leading and internationally excellent research.

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Looking to study in with us in September? Our Undergraduate Open Day Events are the perfect opportunity for you to find out as much as you can about our wide range of courses and world-class facilities.

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